1. With 介词，此外意为“具有；带有”。
1)I ’d like Chinese tea with nothing in it.
2) Next time, sing with me.
3) The girl with long hair is my sister, and she is playing the piano in her room now.
2. Take care of
= look after照料，照看。
My grandparents live with us and look after Rose at home.
= My grandparents live with us and take care of Rose at home.
We have a happy family.我们有一个幸福的家庭。
Their family is a big one.他们的家是一个大家庭。
4. Be full of = be filled with 充满……
Soon the house was filled with people
= Soon the house was full of people.
5. Be strict about = be strict in 对（某事）严格；
be strict with 对（某人）严格。
They are very strict with their children.
6. Encourage为及物动词，一般不直接接不定式作宾语，常用于encourage sb. to do sth.的句型中。
The teacher encourages me to have a try.
7.Give up 放弃，不要做（某事）；
give in (to sb.)让步，妥协，投降。
My father has decided to give up smoking.爸爸决定戒烟。
Industry is the parent of success.勤奋是成功之母。
1. Such as 意为“例如，比如”，主要用于列举同一类人或事物中的几个例子，后面跟所列举的名词、代词或动名词。
Some animals, such as cows and pandas, eat plants.
Most of the boys in our class like ball games. For example, Li Bing likes football.
2. Be famous for 意为“以……而闻名”，
【拓展】be famous as意为“作为……而闻名”eg：She is famous as a singer.
3. Want 及物动词，意为“想要”，它的主要用法有：
I want an apple.
（2）want to do sth. 想要做某事
He wants to have a good rest.
（3）want sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事
My parents want me to be a scientist.
4. Lie 意为“位于；坐落在”，它还可以表示“躺；撒谎”
The village lies in the east of Beijing.这个村子位于北京东部。
Don't lie in bed all morning.不要整个早上都躺在床上。
I think you're lying.我认为你在撒谎。
Don't lie on the floor.
Yesterday he lay on the floor.
5. Why not do sth....?这一句型主要用来提建议，
=“Why don't you do sth?”
=“How/What about doing sth?”来替换。
Why not cross the street later?为什么不等一会儿穿过街呢？
=Why don't you cross the street later?
=How/What about crossing the street later?
1. keep pets/animals养宠物
2. allow sth.表示“允许”，
常用句型：allow sb. to do sth.允许某人做某事
3. What do/does...mean?
= What do you mean by...? ……是什么意思？
What does newspaper mean?
=What do you mean by "newspaper"? “newspaper”是什么意思？
4. By oneself 以为“独自地”，常用于句尾，强调没有别人帮助、陪伴。
Don't leave me at home by myself, Dad.
Talk to oneself 自言自语
Enjoy oneself 过得快活
Help oneself to 随便吃（用）
Teach oneself 自学
5. apologize to sb
=say sorry to sb表示“向……道歉”
而apologize for sth./doing sth.表“为（做）某事道歉”，“因……而道歉”。
lead sb to……引领某人去某处
7. Fall asleep 入睡，睡着
go to bed 上床睡觉，强调睡觉这个事情，不一定睡着了；
Fall asleep 强调睡着了。
8. start to do sth.
=begin to do sth. =start doing sth.
It started raining/to rain.
9. Without 介词，意为“无，没有”。
Fish can't live without water.
10. both 两者都。反义词：neither
We are both students.
The students are all listening.
其同意词有：at last, at length,eventually,in the end等.
②最后 (用于举例，引出所提事情、观点的最后一项、一点)，同意的：in conclusion ,lastly, all in all等。
1. if 引导条件状语从句时，意为“如果”。
We will go out if it is fine tomorrow.
You must see a doctor if you are ill.
look for寻找； look over仔细检查，翻阅；
look after照顾；look up抬头看
look at 看一看
3. (be) made of(看得出原材料)
=(be) made from(看不出原材料)意为“由...制成”。
The chair is made of wood. 这把椅子是由木头制成的。
Paper is usually made from wood. 纸通常由木头制成。
4. millions of意为“数以百万计；大量的”。
Millions of people around the world learn English.全世界无数人在学习英语。→
hundreds of 数以百计的，成千上万的；
tens of thousands of 数以万计的；
hundreds of thousands of数以十万记的
two hundred students， 200个学生
5. Practise sth./doing sth.意为“训练，练习”。
You must practise speaking English every day.
6. The number of意为“……的数量”。
The number of the students in our class is 50.
The number of……的数量 后接复数名词，但谓语动词要用单数形式 常跟large，small等词作表语
The number of the students in our school is 2000.
A number of大量；许多，相当于many 接复数名词作主语时，谓语动词用复数形式,Number前可加small，large，huge等表示程度
A number of students are playing football.
7. not... until...意为“直到……才……”。
You cannot leave until your work is finished.
We won't go until you come.
8.stop to do sth.停下来去做（另一件事）；
stop doing sth.停下（正在做的事）
1）Some of your lifestyle.
(2) What do you think of your lifestyle?
(3) How should you improve your lifestyle?
Let me tell you something about my lifestyle. I often eat some eggs and vegetables. Fruit and fish are my favourite. I love fried food, too. I sleep less than seven hours a day, so I feel sleepy sometimes. I run in the morning and play football after school. In my spare time, I enjoy listening to the music. On weekends I watch TV at home.
I think my lifestyle is not good enough. I mustn’t eat too much fried food. I need to sleep more. I hope I had a better lifestyle.
I went to Qingdao with my family on vacation. Qingdao is a beautiful place to visit. The beaches are very fantastic. We enjoyed the sunshine there. We also swam in the sea. There were many people playing beach were very friendly, but I didn’t like the food there. I thought it was awful.
请以“How to keep healthy”为题写一篇60词左右的短文。
How to keep healthy
I was not well before. In the past, I was often in hospital. I had some bad habits. I often drank some dirty or not boiled water. I like eating snacks. And I didn’t like exercise. My parents and friends were worried about me all the time.
This year, I know the importance of health. I also know to keep healthy. First, try to eat in a healthy way and exercise every day. Second, eat clean and healthy food.
Now I am very healthy. I hope everyone can keep healthy.
请以“A Day on the Farm”为题写一篇关于学生参加学校组织采摘活动的英语作文。要求：
A Day on the Farm
The students of Class Three took part in the farming organized by the school last Sunday. It was a fine day. The students wore old clothes and strong shoes. We got to the school gate before half past seven and we started out together by bus. It took about 30 minutes to get there. We helped the farmers pick the apples, oranges, peaches and so on. Though we were tired, we felt very happy. We not only helped the farmers but also had a chance to exercise.
1. Do you know that owl can see well in dark?.
A. a; the B. an; the C. a; / D. an; /
2. The woman over there is mother.
A. Lily’s and Lucy’s B. Lily’s and Lucy C. Lily and Lucy’s D. Lily and Lucy
3. The Greens live in a big house a beautiful garden.
A. have B. has C. with D. including
4. —Would you like coffee tea. —Tea, please.
A. and B. with C. or D. but
5. It is raining now.
A. heavily B. hardly C. heavy D. heavier
6. The bottle water.
A. is fill of B. is filled with C. is full with D. is fulled of
7. —I found my car ; what shall I do? — call the policeman.
A. missed; Why don’t B. missing; Why not C. missed; Why not D. missing; Why don’t
8. I am thirsty now. Can I stop some water?
A. to drink B. drinking C. drank D. drinks
9. — will you travel to Shanghai? —In a month.
A. How far B. How often C. How soon D. How long
10. My mum is me all the time.
A. strict about B. strict with C. strict at D. strict in
11. The mobile phone the desk is mine.
A. of B. on C. at D. up
12. That desk wood and it Shanghai.
A. is made of; is made in B. is made in; is made of
C. is made from; is made in D. is made in; is made from
13. Do you have to tell me?
A. something B. everything C. anything D. nothing
14. I wonder .
A. how they helped him B. what did they help him
C. how can they help him D. what did they do to help him
15. —Would you like some tea? — .
A. No, I want coffee B. Yes, please C. No, you are welcome D. Yes, I don’t want
A: Excuse me, sir.
B: Can I 1 you?
A: Can you tell me the 2 to the People’s Hospital?
B: Certainly. Go down this street and 3 a No. 8 bus.
A: How far is it from here?
B: It’s about 3 4 away from here.
A: 5 a lot.
B: You’re welcome.
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