主动语态表示主语是动作的发出者（或执行者）eg：Many people speak Chinese.谓语：speak的动作是由主语many people来执行的。
被动语态表示主语是动作的承受者，即行为动作的对象。eg：Chinese is spoken by many people.主语English是动词speak的承受者。
Eg：I'm asked to take care of myself.
Football is played all over the world
Eg：This house was built in 1958.
His leg was broken in an accident.
Eg：More factories will be built in our city.
He will be taken to hospital tomorrow.
Eg： A road is being built around the mountain.
Many new houses are being built in this city
Eg：The meeting was being held when I was there.
We were being trained this time last year.
Eg：His book has been translated into many foreign languages.
The prices of many goods have been cut again .
7.过去完成时：had been + 及物动词的过去分词
Eg：A new school had been set up by the end of last year.
Eg：The rubbish can be put into the dustbin over there.
eg：1).Some new computers were stolen last night.一些新电脑在昨晚被盗了。
2).This bridge was founded in 1981.这座桥竣工于1981年。
3).The front window in the classroom was broken yesterday. 昨天，教室的前窗被打
Eg:1).The time-table has been changed .时间表已变动了
2).China was founded in 1949.
3.不愿意说出动作的执行者，其目的是为了使语言得体、圆滑等。在这种情况下，有时常用一些句式，如"It is said that…"（据说……），"It is reported that …"（据报道……），It is well known that …（众所周知… …）It is supposed that（据推测说… …） ，It is believed that…大家相信，It is hoped that…大家希望，It is thought that…大家认为，It is suggested that…据建议等等’。 eg:1.It is said that she is going to be married to a foreigner.据说她要
2.It is said that the boy has passed the national exam. （＝The boy is
said to have passed the national exam. ）
Eg:1).The glass was broken by Mike.玻璃杯是迈克打破的。
2).his book was written by him.这本书是他写的。
3）.Your homework must be finished on time.你们的家庭作业必须及时完成。
He plants trees in sping .
Trees are planted in sping by him .
All the people laughed at him. → He was laughed at by all people.
They make the bikes in the factory.→The bikes are made by them in the factory.
He cut down a tree. → A tree was cut down by him.
Eg:1.Paper is made from wood .
2.Many people are killed in traffic accidents every day .
Eg：1.English is also spoken as the second language as well as one of the official languages .
2.Football is played in most school .
Eg:1.Both English and Spanish are spoken in this area .
2.He is made the monitor of the class today .
Eg：1.We finish our homework in the evening .
2.Our homework is finished in the evening .
Eg:1.She sent me a novel on my birthday. (主动) →
I was sent a novel on my birthday. (被动)
A novel was sent to me on my birthday. (被动)
2.My brother bought me a watch yesterday. (主动) →
I was bought a watch yesterday. (被动)
A watch was bought for me by my brother yesterday.(被动)
buy ,sing ,catch ,find ,get,drow ,cook ,keep ,make，offer 等。
2).间接宾语前需要加to的动词，bring ,give ,pass ,hand ,leave ,show ,write ,take ,teach ,tell ,thow ,lend,send ,return等
eg：1.They asked me to help them. →I was asked to help them.
2.Now people can use computers to help them →.
comouter can be used to help them .
3.We must keep the room clean . → The room must be kept clean .
4.We saw them coming over. →They were seen coming over.
如果复合宾语是由“宾语+不带to的动词不定式”构成，变为被动语态时，动词不定式前的to要补出来。常见的这类动词有：一感（feel），二听（hear，listen to ）三让（let ,make ,have ）四看（watch ,see ,notice ,observe,+look at ）但动词为let时，to仍可省略。
Eg:1.The story made us laugh . →We were made to laugh by the story.
2.The teacher let the little boy go home . →
The little boy was let (to) go home .
Eg： We can repair this watch in two days. →
This watch can be repaired in two days.
They should do it at once. → It should be done at once.
The rubbish can be put into the dustbin over there.
Eg：1.He turned on the radio just now. →The radio was turned on just now .
2.They take good care of the babies . →The babies are taken care of.
3.The look after the babies . →The babies are looked after .
Eg：They say that our teacher is busy these days . →
It is said that our teacher is busy these days.
Our teacher is said to be busy these days.
Eg：we clean the windows of our classroom every day . →
The windows of our classroom are cleaned every day.
8.如果原句主语不是动作的执行者，而是所使用的物质材料，变被动语态时要用介词with.Eg：smoke filled the room. → The room was filled with smoke .
1）.当主动句中的主语是people ,one ,we ,they 等泛指性动词时，变为被动语态后，by短语通常省略。
Eg：we often speak English in our English class. →
English is often spoken (by us ) in our English class
2).当主动句中是who ，what ，which等做主语，变被动语态后句首的疑问词在句 中的成分由原来的主语变为介词by的宾语，应注意介词by不能丢。
Eg：who wrote the book ? →who was the book written by ?
Eg：uncle wang made the kite .→ The kite was made by uncle wang .
1.表示谓语动词的动作是为谁或为何目的而发生的要用介词for。(be used for sth /doing sth 被用于…被用于做…)
Eg:1.This new bike was bought for you .
2.Stamps are used for sending letters .
Eg：1.The trees were cut down with a knife .
2.The bottle is filled with orange .
3.表示“被作为…(发生)”应用介词as （be used as 被作为…使用）
Eg：English is used as a first language in Canada.
4.在be well-known 后应用介词to，表示“被…所熟知”
Eg：The Great Wall is well-known to everyone in the world .
5.在be made 后可用多个介词表示不同的意义
1).be made in 表示“在某地制造”
Eg：This Tv set is made in shanghai .
2).be made of 和be made from 都可以表示“由…制成的”，但be made of 强调从制成品上可以看出原材料， be made from则表示从制成品上看不出原材料。
Eg：1.This table is made of wood .
2.This kind of paper is made from wood.
3).be made by 由…（人）制造的
Eg：The cake is made by my mother .
4).be made into 表示“被制成...” make …into 把…制成…（主动形式）
Eg：Glass is often made into glasses .玻璃常被制成玻璃杯。
5）.be made after 表示“仿照...制成”
Eg：This machine is made after theirs .这台机器是仿照他们的机器制成的。
6).be made up of 表示“由...组成”
Eg：Our class is made up of fifty students .
1.当谓语动词是表示静态的及物动词（短语）时（eg：have ,cost ,hold ,know ,fit ,belong to…）不可用于被动语态。
How long did the meeting last ?
2.当谓语动词是look ,become ,get ,turn等连系动词，其后的成分多为形容词或名词词组作表语时。
Eg：he looks fine .
Eg：1.They taught themselves English .
2.We should learn each other .
Eg：1.The students hope to visit the Great wall .
2.He has finished reading the book .
Eg：1.He caught a bad cold last week.
2.You shouldn’t make faces in class .
Eg:1.They reached shanghai early in the next morning .
2.He left Beijing by bus yesterday .
Eg:Today all of us live a happy life .
Eg: 1.He could hardly believe his eyes .
2.Mr Hu shook his head and said nothing .
Eg：The man joined the army in1957.
一．少数动词，既可作及物动词，也可作不及物动词。当它们作不及物动词且用来表示主语内在品质或性能时，可用一般时态的主动形式表示被动意义，其主语大多为事物。常见的有：sell(“销售好)”read(好读”)，write(“好写”)，wash(“耐洗”)，wear(“耐穿)，last，tear,lock ,count ,open ,teach ,drive ,take 等、
eg:1). The tickets cost too much and sold badly.这些票太贵了，销路不好。
2). Can you lend Hie your pen?Your pen writes better．你能把你的钢笔借给我吗?你的钢笔更好写。
3).The pen writes well. 这笔好写。
4).The door won’t open. 门开不下来。
5).The clothes wash easily. 这衣服很好洗。
6). The door won't open. 这门打不开。
2).常与副词well,easily,badly ,poorly ,nicely ,fast ,smoothly ,等连用表示效果或程度。
二．某些表示感觉，状态，特征的系动词eg：feel, look, sound, smell, taste
Eg:1.The cloth feels soft. 这布料摸起来很软。
2.His cake tastes good. 他的蛋糕味道很好。
3.Good medicine tastes bitter. 良药苦口
三．动词need, want, require等表示“需要”或“应该”的意义时， 后用动词
Eg：1).The floor needs sweeping. 地板须拖一下。
2).The old bike needs repairing (or: to be repaired). 那辆旧自行车需要修理。
3).Your hair needs cutting．你的头发需要理了。
4).The wall requires painting．这墙壁需要粉刷了。
四．“主语+be worth doing”句式中ving形式表达被动含义 Eg：1.This book is well worth reading.
2.The film is well worth seeing．
1).1.不定式作定语与被修饰的词形成动宾关系时，不定式用主动形式表被动意义。 Eg：1.I have something important to tell you.我有重要事情要告诉你。
2.Is there anything else to say? 还有别的什么事情要说吗？
2).在 “主语 + 系动词+ adj. + to do” 结构中，不定式作为主语的补足语对主语作补充说明，与主语之间形成动宾关系时，其主动形式表示被动含义。（形容词通常为easy, difficult, hard, pleasant, nice, heavy等）
Eg:1.The place is easy to find in the map.
2.I find the problem difficult to solve.
3.The book is difficult to understand .
4.The water in the river is unfit to drink.这条河里的水不宜饮用。
5.His speech isn't easy to understand.他的演说不易理解
3).在too…to do sth 和enough…to do 句型中，如果主语是“物”而不是“人”，则不定式部分是用主动形式表达的被动含义.
Eg:1.The table is too heavy (for me)to carry .
2.The dress is good enough to wear at the party .
六．表示“发生、进行”的不及物动词和短语，如：happen, last, take place, break out, come out, come about, come true, run out, give out, turn out等以主动形式表示被动意义。
Eg：How do the newspapers come out? 这些报纸是如何引出来的呢？
七．介词in, on, under等+名词构成介词短语表被动意义
1.“under +名词”结构，表示“某事在进行中”。常见的有：under control（受控制）, under treatment（在治疗中）, under repair（在修理中）, under discussion（在讨论中）, under construction（在施工中）。
Eg：The building is under construction( is being constructed).
2.“beyond+名词”结构，“出乎……胜过……、范围、限度”。常见的有：beyond belief (令人难以置信)， beyond one’s reach（鞭长莫及），beyond one’s control（无法控制），beyond our hope． 我们的成功始料不及。
Eg:The rumour is beyond belief（=can’t be believed）．
3.“above+名词”结构, 表示“(品质、行为、能力等) 超过……、高于……”。
Eg:His honest character is above all praise．=His honest character cannot
be praised enough．
4.“for+名词”结构，表示 “适于……、 为着……”。如：for sale(出售), for
Eg:That house is for sale. (= That house is to be sold).
5.“in+名词”结构 ，表示“在……过程中或范围内”常见的有：in print（在印
Eg:The book is not yet in print．(=is not yet printed)
6.“on+名词”结构, 表示“在从事…… 中”。常见的有：on sale(出售)，on show（展出）, on trial（受审）。
Eg:Today some treasures are on show in the museum (= are being showed).
7.“out of+名词”结构 ； 表示 “超出…… 之外“，常见的有：out of control (控制不了)，out of sight （超出视线之外），out of one’s reach(够不着), out of fashion(不流行)等。
Eg:The plane was out of control (can’t be controlled)． 。
Eg:He took two days off within the teacher's permission
Eg:The house needs repairing（to be repaired）．这房子需要修理。
Eg:The picture-book is well worth reading．（＝The picture-book is very worthy to be read．）
Eg:I have a lot of things to do this afternoon． (to do与things是动宾关系，与I是主谓关系。)
试比较：I’ll go to the post office. Do you have a letter to be posted? ( 此处用不定式的被动语态作定语表明you不是post动作的执行者。)
Eg:This problem is difficult to work out （可看作to work out省略了for me）.
Eg:This book is too expensive (for me) to buy.
Eg:1.There is no time to lose（to be lost）．（用 to lose可看成for us to
lose；用to be lost，谁 lost time不明确。）
get dressed(穿衣) get hurt(受伤) get lost(迷路)
get washed(洗脸) get married(结婚)
be covered with (被…覆盖) be made of （由…制成）（看得出原材料）
be made by （由某人制造） be made from （由…制成）（看不出原材料）
be made in （由某地制造） be used for （被用于…）
be used as （被当作…使用） be used to do （被用于做...）
it is said that…（据说…） it is hoped that…（希望…）
It is well known that...(总所周知...)
1.The People's Republic of China ___ on October 1, 1949.
A. found B. was founded C. is founded D. was found
2.English ____ in Canada. A. speaks B. are spoken C. is speaking D. is spoken
3.This English song___ by the girls after class.
A. often sings B. often sang C. is often sang D. is often sung
4.This kind of car ___ in Japan. A, makes B. made C. is making D. is made
5.New computers ___ all over the world.
A. is used B. are using C. are used D. have used
6.Our room must ___ clean. A. keep B. be kept C. to be kept D. to keep
7.-I'd like to buy that coat.-I'm sorry. ___.
A. it sold B. it's selling C. It's been sold D. it had been sold
8.A new house ___ at the corner of the road.
A. is building B. is being built C. been built D. be building
9.The key ___ on the table when I leave.
A. was left B. will be left C. is left D. has been left
10.Doctors ___ in every part of the world.
A. need B. are needing C. are needed D. will need
11.His new book___ next month. A.will be published B. is publishing
C. is being published D. has been published
12.Japanese ___ in every country.
A. is not spoken B. are spoken C. is speaking D. is not speaking
13.These papers___yet. A.have not written B. have not been written
C. has not written D. has not been written
14.The sports meet ___ be held until next week.
A. didn't B. won't C. isn't D. doesn't
15.-My shoes are worn out.-----
A. Can't they be mended? B. Let me have a look at it.
C. How much do they cost? D. Can't they mended?
16.___ the watch been repaired yet? I badly need it.
A. Does B. Has C. Is D. Are
17.___ these desks be needed?A. Will B. Are C. Has D. Do
18.Why ___ to talk about it yesterday?A. didn't a meeting hold B. wasn't a meeting held C. wasn't held a meeting D. a meeting wasn't held
19.Who was the book___? A. write B. wrote C. written D. written by
20.Where ___ these boxes made? A. was B. were C. is D. am
A. must be water B. must be watered C. must watered D. must water
22.The books may___ for two weeks. A. be kept B. be borrowed C. keep D. borrow
23.The broken bike____ here by Mr Smith.
A. can mend B. can mended C. can be mend D. can be mended
24.The old bridge in my hometown___ next month.
A. is going to be rebuilt B. will rebuilt
C. are going to be rebuilt D. are going to rebuilt
25.The play ___ at the theatre next Sunday.
A. is going to be shown B. will shownC. will show D. is shown
26.The old stone bridge ___ next week.
A.is going to be rebuilt B. will be rebuild
C. are going to be rebuilt D. will rebuild
27.Now these magazines___ in the library for a long time.
A. have kept B. are keeping C. have been keeping D. have been kept
28.The pot ___ for ___ hot water. A.used; keeping B. was used; keeping
C. is used; to keep D. are used; keep
29.Tea ___ in the south of China.
A. grows B. is grown C. were grown D. will grow
30.The bridges___ two years ago.
A. is built B. built C. were built D. was built
31.Wet clothes are often ___ up near a fire in rainy weather.
A. hang B. hanged C. hanging D. hung
32.The river smells terrible. People must ___ dirty things into it.
A. be stopped to throw B. be stopped from throwing
C. stop to throw D. stop from throwing
33.The teapot ___ water.
A. is filled with B. filled of C. fulling of D. filled
34.Old people must be looked after well and ___ politely.
A. speak to B. spoken C. speak D. spoken to
35.Old people must ___. A. look after well B. be looked well after
C. looked well after D. be looked after well
36.Newly-born babies___in hospital.A. are taken good care
B. are taken good care of C. take good care of D. take good care
37.They were___ at the sudden noise.
A. frightening B. frightened C. frighten D. frightens
38.These walls___stone. A.are made of B. made of
C. are made into D. made into
39.Jane ___ to sing us an American song last Saturday.
A. called B. was asked C. told D. was said
40.The papers ___ to them. A. were shown B. show C. shown / D. have shown
41.The coat___her sister.
A. made to B. were made for C. was made for D. was made to
42.___ five minutes to decide whether I should go or not.
A. gave B. was giving C. had given D. was given
43.Good care____such things.A.should take of B. should be taken
C. should be taking D. should be taken of
44.She will____good care____.
A. take; of B. be taken; of C. take; for you D. be taken; of you
45.The teacher made him___ his homework.
A. to do B. do C. did D. done
46.The boy___ streets without pay in the old days.
A. was made to clean B. made clean C. made to clean D. was made clean
A. were seen to B. were seen for C. were seen D. saw to
48.Thesestones___well. A. are fitted B. fit C. fits D. is fitted
49.The bike ___ 500 yuan.
A. was cost B. costed C. cost D. is costed
50.The important meeting ___ on a cold morning last year.
A. was had B. was held C. held D. had
51.Great changes___ in the past ten years in China.
A. took place B. have taken place C. were taking place D. had taken place
52.You can't use the computer, it____.
A. was broken down B. is wrong C. is bad D. has broken down
53.Great changes___in our country during the past 20 years.
A. have happened B. happened
C. have been happened D. were happened
54.The watch has often ___ down.A. sat B. lain C. broken D. fell
55.Please pass me another cup. This one___.
A. is broken B. is breaking C. broke D. broken
56.The story books___ by the writer in the 1960s.
A. are written B. were written C. are writing D. were writing
57.What time ___ the door ___ every day?
A. does; closed B. does; close C. is; closed D. /; close
A. get dress B. get dressed C. gets dressed D. instead of
59.He fell from his bike and ___.
A. is hurt B. gets hurt C. got hurt D. hurt
60._____ a new library _____ in our school last year?
A.Is; built B.Was; bulit C.Does; build D.Did; build
61.An accident ____ on this road last week.
A.has been happened B.was happened C.is happened D.happened
62.Cotton ____ in the southeast of China.
A.is grown B.are grown C.grows D.grow
63.So far,the moon ____ by man already.
A.is visited B.will be visited C.has been visited D.was visited
64.A talk on Chinese history _____ in th school hall next week.
A.is given B.has been given C.will be given D.gives
65.How many trees ____ this year?
A.are planted B.will plant C.have been planted D.planted
66.A lot of things ____ by people to save the little girl now.
A.are doing B.are being done C.has been done D.will be done
67.Neither of them ______ in China.A.is made B.are made C.were made D.made
68.Look! A nice picture ____ for our teacher.
A.is drawing B.is being drawn C.has been drawn D.draws
69.Your shoes ____. You need a new pair.
A.wear out B.worn out C.are worn out D.is worn
70.The doctor _____ for yet.
A.isnt sent B.hasnt been sent C.wont be sent D.wasnt sent
71.-When ___ this kind of computers______? --Last year.
A.did; use B.was; used C.is; used D.are; used
72.The Great Wall ____ all over the world.
A.knows B.knew C.is known D.was known
73.I ____ in summer. A.born B.was born C.have been born D.am born
74.He says that Mr Zhang _____ to the factory next week.
A.is sent B.would send C.was sent D.will be sent
75.Who _____ this book _____?
A.did; written B.was; written by C.did; written D.was;written
76.Mary ____ show me her new dictionary.
A.has asked to B.was asked to C.is asked D.asks to
77.A story _____ by Granny yesterday.
A.was told us B.was told to us C.is told us D.told us
78.The monkey was seen _____ off the tree.A.jump B.jumps C.jumped D.to jump
79.The school bag ___ behind the chair.
A.puts B.can be put C.can be putted D.can put
二．用动词 show 的被动语态填空
1). I know a new film______________ at the cinema every week
2). I know a new film _____________ at the cinema last week.
3). I know a new film _____________ at the cinema these days.
4). I know a new film _____________ at the cinema at eight last night
5). I know a new film _____________ at the cinema recently
6). I know a new film _____________ at the cinema by the end of last week
7). I know a new film _____________ at the cinema in two days
1.People speak English in many countries.
2.We built this bridge last year.
3.The tiger in the z00 frightened the little girl.
4.Xiao Liu has invited you to a lunch party.
5.You must not take these magazines out of the reading-room.
6.We shall discuss the problem at tomorrow's meeting.
7.Has anybody fed the birds?
8.People will never forget the accident.
9.You may write this letter in pencil.
10.They are repairing the car in the garage.
11.Someone must have turned on the light without your notice.
12.They have found ways to make waste water clean.
13.Someone must take care of the children when we go out.
14.They won't hold the meeting until next Friday.
15.They gave him a medal for his wonderful work.
16.The doctor will ask the patient some questions before he gives her
17.They made the young man head of the volleyball team.
18.Someone will tell you how to prepare for the examination.
19.Someone has taken the stranger to another hospital.
20.People will laugh at you if you wear that dress.
21.We must finish the work by six o'clock this afternoon.
22.Do you often clean your room?
23.They are making this type of radios in shanghai.
24.Could you carry out the plan on time?
25.We must pay attention to such problems.
26.Someone is showing them how to operate the computers.
27.You should put forward(提出)the questions at the meeting.
28.We saw a bus running towards us at that time
29.They elected her leader of the group.
30.They had to put off the sports meet because of the rain.
31.They make machines in that factory.
32.Every body likes this song.
33.He doesnt show the stamps to me.
34.People dont grow rice in the west of Japan
35.He often helps Tom when Tom is in trouble.
36.Do the workers build many buildings?
37.Does Kate sometimes break glasses?
38.Do you always send a letter to Mr Hu?
39.What does the teacher often tell the boys to do?
40.How many desks do they buy every term?
41.They sold that kind of shoes in this shop last week.
42.Cranny told us a story last night.
43.He didnt give the dictionary to me yesterday.
44.He didnt buy anything there before he left.
45.Did he clean the blackboard just now?
46.When did she cook supper yesterday?
47.Where did she make them?
48.Whose ruler did you borrow?
49.We must tie the young tree to the stick
50.They can‘t mend the bike in that shop.
51.You should take good care of her baby.
1---5 BDDDC 6—10 BCBBC 11---15AABBA 16--20BABDB
21---25BADAA 26---30ADBBC 31---35DBADD 36---40BBABA
41---45CDDAB 46----50AAACB 51---55DDACA 56---60BCBCC