I think (that) English is difficult to learn. 我认为英语难学。
learn, sugget, explain, agree, wonder, feel, mean。
However, he went on to explain that he was not too sure about the grammar.
She says (that) she likes English. 她说她喜欢英语。
She says (that) she liked English three years ago. 她说她三年以前喜欢英语。
She says (that) she will like English next term. 她说下个学期她会喜欢英语的。
She said. She likes English. →She said (that) she liked English.
She said. She liked English three years ago.
→She said (that) she liked English three years ago.
She said. She will like English. →She said (that) she would like English next term.
She said. They are swimming. →She said (that) they were swimming. 她说他们在游泳。
She said. The girl has been there. →She said (that) the girl had been there.
The teacher said (that) the earth goes around the sun. 老师说地球绕着太阳转。
My mother told me that a friend in need is a friend indeed. 妈妈告诉我患难见真情。
Do you know？ Does he study English？
Do you know if (whether) he studies English？你知道他是否学习英语吗？
He asks. Are you a teacher？
He asks if (whether) you are a teacher. 他问你是否是老师。
（1）if/ whether在作“是否”讲时引导的宾语从句常放在动词know, ask, care, wonder, find out等之后。
I’ll try to find out if/whether the machine is in good condition.我将尽量查出这台机器是否正常。
We’re having a discussion whether we’ll go on the trip or not.我们正在讨论是否去旅行。
（2）少数动词如leave, put, discuss, doubt后的宾语从句常用whether引导。
I put it to you whether we should start earlier. 请您考虑一下我们能否早点出发。
I doubt whether they’ll keep their word. 我怀疑他们能否守约。
We’re now discussing whether we should group these three companies.我们现在正讨论是否应该兼并这三个公司。
I don’t care whether/if the work will take long or not.这项工作花时间长短我不在乎。
I wonder whether or not we should make it clear that we’ve lost this game.我不知道我们是否应该说明我们已经输了这一场比赛。
I am just wondering whether to stay for another hour or just start off right away.
Let me know whether you can come. 告诉我，你是否能来。
如果改成Let me know if you can come.就有两种译句。“告诉我你是否能来。”“如果你能来就告诉我。”
I’m thinking about whether they know the answer. 我在想他们是否知道答案。
I am not interested in whether they believe in me or not.（介词后一般不用if）
Whether they will join in the Winter Camp I don’t care.他们能否参加冬令营，我不在乎。
He asks. Do you like sports？
He asks if you like sports. 他问你是否喜欢运动。
She asks. Does the boy wash clothes？
She asks if (whether) the boy washes clothes. 她问那个男孩是否洗衣服。
I wonder. Did you go there？
I wonder if (whether) you went there. 我想知道你是否去那里了。
She asks. Are they listening to the teacher？
She asks if (whether) they are listening to the teacher？她问他们是否在听老师讲课。
He wants to know. Will they have classes tomorrow？
He wants to know if (whether) they will have class tomorrow.他想知道他们明天是否上课。
will, is, am, are, can, may, must, should, have, has, had等助动词放到主语之后。
I ask. What are you doing now？
I ask what you are doing now. 我问你现在在干什么？
Do you know？ Who does he often go there with？
Do you know who he often goes there with？你知道他经常和谁一起去那儿吗？
I don’t know. Whom should you depend on？
I don’t know whom you should depend on. 我不知道你该依靠谁。
This book will show you. What do the best CEOs know？
This book will show you what the best CEOs know.这本书会告诉你最好的执行总裁了解些什么。
He didn’t tell me. When will we meet again？
He didn’t tell me when we would meet again. 他没告诉我什么时候我们再见面。
Could you please show me？ How do you use your new cellphone？
Could you please show me how you use your new cellphone？你能否给我展示一下你如何使用你的新机器？
None of us knows. Where can these new parts be bought？
None of us knows where these new parts can be bought.我们中没人知道在哪里可以买到这些新零件。
I ask you. Where are you from？
I ask you where you are from？ 我问你来自哪里。
Who has won the game？
Do you know who has won the game？ 你知道谁赢了那场比赛吗？
What’s wrong with you？
I ask you what’s wrong with you. 我问你哪里不舒服。
e.g.What do you study？你学习什么？
The teacher asks what you study？ 老师问你学习什么？
e.g.Where does the boy go on Sunday？ 那男孩星期天去哪里？
The girl wants to know where the boy goes on Sunday.
e.g.How many books did you buy yesterday？ 你昨天买了几本书？
I ask how many books you bought yesterday？ 我问你昨天买了几本书？
（4）助动词is, am, are, was, were, have, has, had, will, shall, can, may, must等，挪到主语之后。
e.g.Which class are you in？ 你在哪一个班？
The teacher asks which class you are in？ 那个老师问你你在哪个班。
（5）don’t, didn’t, doesn’t不能去掉，要挪到主语之后。
e.g.Why didn’t you come yesterday？ 为什么你昨天没有来？
The boy asks why you didn’t come yesterday. 那个男孩问你昨天为什么没有来。
e.g.What are they eating？ 他们在吃什么？
I wanted to know what they were eating. 我想知道他们在吃什么？
How long has he stayed there？ 他在那里呆了多久？
She asked how long he had stayed there. 她问他在那里呆了多久。
当主句中的谓语动词是think, say, guess, suppose, suggest, believe, feel, consider等时，宾语从句的引导词常是who, which, what, when, where, how, why等疑问词，经常将这类引导词置于句首。
e.g.Who do you think the public might choose as their favorite singer this year？
What do you suggest we should prepare for Thanksgiving Day？
e.g.We all expect that they will win, for members of their team are stronger.
He told us that they would help us through the whole work.
hope 希望 tell 告诉 say 说 think 认为
consider 认为 imagine 想象 expect 期望 suppose 猜测
guess 猜测 know 知道 hear 听说 wonder 想知道
make sure 确保 make up one’s mind 下定决心 keep in mind 牢记
e.g.Make sure that there are no mistakes in your papers before you turn them in.
We should keep in mind that sports can help us develop both our bodies and characters.
① 动词find, feel, think, consider, make, believe等后有宾语补足语时，则需要用it作形式宾语而将that宾语从句后置。
e.g.I think it necessary that we take plenty of hot water every day.
I feel it a pity that I haven’t been to the get-together. 我没去聚会，感觉非常遗憾。
I have made it a rule that I keep diaries. 我每天写日记成了惯例。
We all find it important that we (should) make a quick decision about this matter.
② 有些动词跟宾语从句时需要在宾语从句前加it。这类动词主要有hate, take, owe, have, see to等。
e.g.I hate it when people talk with their mouths full of food.
He will have it that our plan is really practical. 他会认为我们的计划确实可行。
I take it that you will agree with us. 我认为你会同意我们的。
When you start the engine, you must see to it that the car is in neutral.
e.g.We all consider what you said to the unbelievable. 我们都认为你所说的是不可信的。
We discovered what we had learned to be valuable. 我们发现我们所学到的是有用的。
e.g.We are talking about whether we admit students into our club.
The new book is about how Shenzhou VI manned spaceship was sent up into space.
偶尔可见到except, but, besides三个介词后跟that引导的宾语从句的情况。
e.g.I know nothing about my new neighbour except that he used to work with a company.
常可引导宾语从句的形容词有sure, certain, glad, pleased, happy, afraid, surprised, satisfied（满意的），sorry等。
e.g.I’m sure that they’ll make it in spite of the terrible weather.
I’m extremely sorry that I have lost your book. 真是对不起我弄丢了你的书。
We’re all pleased that we have once again overcome the difficulty.
I’m not sure whether they’ll agree with such a plan.
e.g.You may depend on it that I shall always help you. 请你相信我，我总会帮助你的。
例题1．—Could you please tell me ________？ —Certainly.
A．what should I do to improve my English B．how can I get to the reading room
C．what she is looking for D．when shall we have a parents’ meeting
例题2．I know ________ I promised to take you to dinner, but I won’t finish working until ten o’clock.
A．that B．if C．what D．why
例题3．—Can you guess ________ the new Nike sports shoes？
—Yes. Maybe he asked his grandpa to pay for them, I think.
A．how he paid for B．where he bought C．when he paid for D．why he bought
1．I’d like to know ___________ you have invited him to the meeting.
2．I know ____________ Chinese is spoken in many Southeast countries.
3．She couldn’t decide ___________ bus she would take to the zoo.
4．I don’t know ___________ I should tell him the truth.
5．We were happy to see ___________ there was hardly any clouds in the blue sky.
6．Do you know ___________ Miss Jones will punish Tom？
7．He told me ___________ he was going to thank Jack.
8．Could you let us know ____________ we will fly over Hankou？
1．He said. They are working hard.
2．Do you know？ Does she study Japanese？
3．They want to know. How long will you stay there.
4．We think. The workers were late yesterday.
5．The girl asked. Does the teacher teach English？
6．I asked him. Will he like to help us？
( )1．My uncle remembered ___________.
A．when we moved to the town B．when did we move to the town
C．when we move to the town D．when do we move to the town
( )2．Can you tell me which floor ___________？
A．does he live on B．he lives in C．does he live in D．he lives on
( )3．—Could you tell me ___________？ —Glad to help.
A．if I have been to the Great Wall B．where did he study
C．how I can get to the station D．what’s your name
( )4．Our head teacher saw the empty seat next to me and asked ___________.
A．where has Jeff gone B．where did Jeff go
C．where Jeff has been D．where Jeff had gone
( )5．—I wonder ___________. —Zebras.
A．what do they call these animals B．how they call these animals
C．what they call these animals D．how do they call these animal
1．He said that they were working hard.
2．Do you know if she studies Japanese？
3．They want to know how long you will stay there.
4．We think that the workers were late yesterday.
5．The girl asked if （whether）the teacher taught English.
6．I asked if （whether）he liked to help us.
例如： He said (that) he wanted to stay at home.
She doesn’t know (that) she is seriously ill.
I am sure (that) he will succeed.
2. 由连接代词who, whom, whose, what, which和连接副词when, where, why, how引导的宾语从句。
例如：Do you know who (whom) they are waiting foe?
He asked whose handwriting was the best.
Can you tell me where the No.3 bus stop is?
I don’t know why the train is late.
例如：I want to know if (whether) he lives there.
He asked me whether (if) I could help him.
例如：I hear (that) physics isn’t easy.
I think (that) you will like this school soon.
Can you tell me how I can get to zoo?
Please tell me when we’ll have the meeting.
例如：I don’t think (that) you are right.
Please tell us where he is.
Can you tell me how I can get to the railway station?
2. 如果主句的时态是一般过去时，宾语从句只能用相应的过去时态（一般过去时， 过去进行时， 过去将来时，过去完成时）。
例如：He asked what time it was.
He told me that he was preparing for the sports meet.
He asked if you had written to Peter.
He said that he would go back to the U.S. soon.
例如：Our teacher said that January is the first month of the year.
Scientists have proved that the earth turns around the sun.
主句的谓语动词是say, think, tell, know, hear, see, feel, mean, hope, wish, remember, forget等时，或主句的谓语动词是由形容词afraid, glad, sure, sorry等作表语的系表结构时，后面常接that引导的宾语从句。
e.g. He says that he wants to speak to the headmaster.
I’m sorry (that) he isn’t here right now.
e.g. I guess (that) somebody else has borrowed it.
I’m afraid (that) you’ll have to wait.
eg．I believe（that）you have done your best and that things will get better．
eg．She made it clear that she had nothing to do with him．
eg．That our team will win，I believe．
误：I think chickens can not swim.
正：I don’t think chickens can swim.
I think he is wrong, isn’t he?
He thinks he is right, doesn’t he?
e.g. She asked me if/whether I could help her with her English.
I don’t know if/whether it is going to rain.
He doesn’t know whether to go to the cinema or to watch TV at home.
I’m thinking of whether we should go fishing.
I don’t know whether or not they will come to help us.
We discussed whether would have a sports meeting next week.
Whether this is true or not, I can’t say.
Whether he is right or wrong is a question.
e.g. *I can’t see that what is over there. （应去掉that）
e.g. *Do you know how old is she? (应改为：…how old she is)
e.g. *She didn’t tell me when she will come. (应改为：…when she would come)
e.g. I’ve no idea what we’re going to do next. = I’ve no idea what to do next.
Could you tell me how I can get to the post office? = Could you tell me how to get to the post office?
①动词find, feel ,consider, make, believe等后面有宾语补足语的时候,则需要用it做形式宾语而将that宾语从句后置.
I think it necessary that we take plenty of hot water every day .
I feel it a pity that I haven’t been to the get-together.
I have made it a rule that I keep diaries.
We all find it important that we (should) make a quick decision about this mater.
这类动词主要有:hate, take , owe, have, see to.
I hate it when they with their mouths full of food.
He will have it that our plan is really practical.
We take it that you will agree with us.
When you start the engine, you must see to it that car is in neutral.
We all consider what you said to be unbelievable.
We discovered what we had learned to be valuable.
( ) 1. I don’t think he will come here on time, ? (重庆)
A. won’t he B. will he C. does he D. is he
( ) 2. Will you please tell me ? (上海)
A. where Pudong Airport is B. how far Pudong Airport was
C. how can we get to Pudong Airport D. when was Pudong Airport built
( ) 3. It’s not polite to ask people in England. (常州)
A. how much money you have got B. what the weather is like
C. what your city looks like D. how old are you
( ) 4. I wonder if he tonight. If he , I’ll let you know. (扬州)
A. will come; will come B. comes; comes
C. will come; comes D. comes; will come
( ) 5. I can’t say I want to see him again. We haven’t seen each other for nearly three years. (镇江)
A. how long B. how soon C. how often D. how much
( ) 6. Mr. Green told me that he on a trip next Sunday. (通化)
A. are going B. was going C. will go D. would going
( ) 7. Our geography teacher told us that Japan the east of China. (河北)
A. is in B. was in C. is to D. was to
( ) 8. Nobody knows he’ll come or not. (辽宁)
A. that B. if C. / D. whether
1. “Do you want to try something new?” Tom’s mother asked him. (改为复合句,句意不变)
Tom’s mother asked him to try something new.
2. Could you tell me the way to the station? (改写句子,句意不变)
Could you tell me to the station?
3. “I have finished my homework.” John told me. (改为复合句,句意不变)
John told me that homework.
4. I don’t know how I can reach the zoo. (改为简单句)
I don’t know the zoo.
I haven’t decided I will go to Mike’s birthday party .
Zhang Qing asked his grandma she noodles.
that bridge over the Changjiang River in Nanjing.
Would you please tell me ?
Can you tell me ?
1. I don't know _________ he will come tomorrow. _________ he comes, I'll tell you．
A. if; Whether B. whether; Whether C. if; That D. if; If
2. I don't know _________ the day after tomorrow.
A. when does he come B. how will he come
C. if he comes D. whether he'll come
3. Could you tell me _________ the nearest hospital is?
A. what B. how C. whether D. where
4. Could you tell me _________ the radio without any help?
A. how did he mend B. what did he mend C. how he mended D. what he mended
5. I want to know _________.
A. whom is she looking after B. whom she is looking
C. whom is she looking D. whom she is looking after
6. Do you know where _________ now?
A. he lives B. does he live C. he lived D. did he live
7. Do you know what time _________?
A. the train leave B. does the train leave C. will the train leave D. the train leaves
8. I don't know _________. Can you tell me, please?
A. how the two players are old B. how old are the two players
C. the two players are how old D. how old the two players are
9. The small children don't know _________.
A. what is their stockings in B. what is in their stockings
C. where is their stockings in D. what in their stockings
10. I can't understand _________.
A. what does Christmas mean B. what Christmas does mean
C. what mean Christmas does D. what Christmas means
11. The girls asked if they ____ some food and drink with them.
A. took B. take C. takes D. will take
12. Catherine said that she ___ to Guangzhou.
A. has never gone B. had never gone C. has never been D. had never been
13. The students want to know whether they___ dictation today.
A. had B. has . C. will have D. are
14. She asked Linda if___ go and get some.
A. could she B. she could C. she can D. she may
15. Linda said the moon___ round the earth.
A. travelled B. has travelled C. travells D. had travelled
16. Can you tell me___ you were born, Betty?
A. who B. what C. when D. that
17. I don't know ___ they have passed the exam.
A. what B. if C. when D. where
18. I hardly understand. ___ he has told me.
A. that B. what C. which D. who
19 She didn't know___ back soon.
A. whether he would be B. if would he be C. he will be
20. I don't know _____ he still lives here after so many years.
A. whether B where C. what D. when
21. Do you know _____ they listened to yesterday evening?
A. what B when C why D how
22. He asked me _____told me the accident.
A whom B which C who D whose
1. Does Mr. Brown enjoy living in China? Could you tell us?（改写句子）
→Could you tell us _________ Mr. Brown _________ living in China?
2. "Does the girl need any help?” he asked me.（变为复合句）
→He asked me _________ the girl _________ some help．
3. Jim is not a student. Tom is not a student, either.（合并为一个句子）
_________ Jim _________Tom is a student.
4. When does the train leave? I want to know.（改为含宾语从句的复合句）
I want to know _________ the train _________.
5. They went home after they had finished their homework. (用not．．．until改写)
They _________ go home _________ they had finished their homework．
6. Did Peter come here yesterday? Li Lei wants to know. (改为含宾语从句的复合句)
Li Lei wants to know _________ Peter _________ here yesterday.
( ) 1．I don't know _________ he will come tomorrow．_________ he comes，I'll tell you．
A．if；Whether B．whether；Whether C．if；That D．if；If
( ) 2．I don't know _________ the day after tomorrow．
A．when does he come B．how will he come
C．if he comes D．whether he'll come
( ) 3．Could you tell me _________ the nearest hospital is？
A．what B．how C．whether D．where
( ) 4．Could you tell me _________ the radio without any help？
A．how did he mend B．what did he mend
C．how he mended D．what he mended
( ) 5．I want to know _________ ．
A．whom is she looking after B．whom she is looking
C．whom is she looking D．whom she is looking after
( ) 6．Do you know where _________ now？
A．he lives B．does he live C．he lived D．did he live
( ) 7．Do you know what time _________ ？
A．the train leave B．does the train leave
C．will the train leave D．the train leaves
( ) 8．I don't know _________ ．Can you tell me，please？
A．how the two players are old B．how old are the two players
C．the two players are how old D．how old the two players are
( ) 9．The small children don't know _________ ．
A．what is their stockings in B．what is in their stockings
C．where is their stockings in D．what in their stockings
( ) 10．I can't understand _________ ．
A．what does Christmas mean B．what Christmas does mean
C．what mean Christmas does D．what Christmas means
1．Does Mr．Brown enjoy living in China？Could you tell us？（改写句子）
→Could you tell us _________ Mr．Brown _________ living in China？
2．“Does the girl need any help？”he asked me．（变为复合句）
→He asked me _________ the girl _________ some help．
3．Jim is not a student．Tom is not a student，either．（合并为一个句子）
_________ Jim _________ Tom is a student．
4．When does the train leave？I want to know．（改为含宾语从句的复合句）
I want to know _________ the train _________ ．
5．They went home after they had finished their homework．（用not．．．until改写）
They _________ go home _________ they had finished their homework．
6．Did Peter come here yesterday？Li Lei wants to know．（改为含宾语从句的复合句）
Li Lei wants to know _________ Peter _________ here yesterday．
( ) 1. Can you tell me_______?
A．where he is B．where is he C．he is where D．what is he
( ) 2、I didn't know how _______ to London?
A．would they go B．are they going C．they would go D．they are going
( ) 3、I want to know how long_______.
A．has he been back B．has he come back
C．he has been back D．he has come back
( ) 4、Do you know _______?
A．what the news are B．what is the news
C．what the news is D．what are the news
( ) 5、He said he would help me with my math if he _______ free.
A．was B．will be C．would be D．is
( ) 6、He will write to you as soon as he _______ to Shanghai.
A．gets B．is getting C．will get D．shall get
( ) 7、Father_______ music when he _______ young
A．liked…was B．liked…is C．likes…was D．likes…is
( ) 8、I liked sports _______ I was young.
A．so much as B．so much that C．very much when D．very much because
( ) 9、_______ mother got home, I was tidying my room.
A．After B．When C．As soon as D．Before
( ) 10、The teacher didn't begin her class_______ the students stopped talking.
A．until B．because C．after D．when
( ) 11、If it _______ tomorrow, we'll go to the Great wall.
A．doesn't rain B．won't rain C．not rains D．isn't rain
( ) 12、Could you tell me_______ we get to the plane?
A．how B．whether C．where D．what
( ) 13、When they got to the cinema, the film _______ for the ten minutes.
A．had been on B．has begun C．began D．had begun
( ) 14、The teacher says _______ she will leave a message on the headmaster's desk.
A．if B．who C．that D．what
( ) 15、Lucy looks stronger _______ Lily.
A．than B．as C．then D．not as
( ) 16、I know nothing about it _______ he told me.
A．because B．since C．until D．after
( ) 17、You must make your new house clean and safe _______ you move in.
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