write down ____________________
ask for advice____________________
Put on ____________________
Laugh at ____________________
Talk about ____________________
Try one’s best_________________
Belong to ____________________
leave a message, 写下， worry about , 寻求建议, Get off , 捡起， 出去， hang out, get over, 提前，离开， put off, put on , 为……付钱， 打开，provide sb. With sth, get on, 做运动，尝试， take part in, come up with, 保持健康， 穿上， see off, break into, 叫醒， 嘲笑， take off, make a mistake, 缺乏， 谈论， keep alive, light up, 尽最大努力， 移开， look for, lie down, 属于， 撞倒， look up, fall down, 吹倒
run into run over run out of run out
1.Our contract ___________ at the end of the month.
2. And you know, sometimes you __________ people that you haven’t seen in a while, so it’s nice.
3.Conditions are getting worse and supplies are_____________.
4.Mr. Wang agreed to sell IBM Systems last year after it ___________ financial problem.
5.A boy was___________ by a truck and got killed immediately.
6.We ___________ coal, and had to burn wood.
Keys: runs out;run into; running out; ran into;run over;ran out of
词组突破：①run “跑” ②into“进入” over“正上方，越过” out “出来”
2).vi.(机器等)运转;进行 eg:The machine runs smoothly. 这台机器运转正常。
run into 遭遇，撞上，偶然遇见
1. Mr. Wang agreed to sell IBM Systems last year after it ran into financial problem.
2. Be careful not to run into one of these big cats in the jungle.
3. And you know, sometimes you run into people that you haven’t seen in a while, so it’s nice.
run over 碾过，溢出
1.A boy was run over by a truck and got killed immediately.
2.The water is running over the edge of the cup.
run out of 用完(use up),从…跑出来
1.We ran out of coal, and had to burn wood.
2.All the student run out of the classrooms as soon as the bell rings.
run out 用完，到期，伸向
1. Conditions are getting worse and supplies are running out.
2. Our contract runs out at the end of the month.
3. The wall runs out into the field.
总结：Mary’s friends ran into a terrible accident last night. A boy was run over by a truck and got killed immediately. The drunk driver run out of his car to check what happened. But it’s too late. His whole life will run out.
2. fall(Pride goes before a fall. 骄兵必败)
fall asleep ; fall behind; fall into; fall off; fall over
1. Don’t tilt(倾斜) your chair back so far, it might ___________.
2. If your payments of rent ___________, you will be asked to leave.
3. One slip and you could ___________ the building.
4. The problems generally ___________ two categories.
5. He can ___________ easily at any place.
Keys: fall over; fall behind; fall off; fall into; fall asleep
②asleep“睡着的” behind“在…之后” into“进入…中” off“离开，脱落” over“越过，在上方”
fall over 被…绊倒；意外地从…上跌落；迫不及待做某事
fall behind 落后；下降；退后；逾期（付款等）
He didn’t want to fall behind others, so he studied hard to catch up with them.
fall off 减少；跌落；变坏；变瘦
Words fall off by disuse.
The boy fell off the wall and hurt his right leg.
fall into 分成；掉进；陷入
It’s a trap too many people fall into.
They fell into love at first sight.
fall down 倒塌；跌倒；失败
Babies often fall down when they learn to walk.
He fell down from his bike.
fall asleep 入睡；睡着
Poor sleepers take longer to fall asleep than good sleepers.
总结：The kids don’t want to fall behind and be late for school. Every morning, they have to go across the river on a narrow wooden bridge. If they fall off, they will fall into the cold water.
pay for pay off pay back pay attention to
1.Walter will be ______________ for his careless.
2.You have acted foolishly and you will ______________ it.
3.In doing our work, we must ______________ ways and means.
4.It would take him the rest of his life to ______________ that bill.
5.Of course, I’m quite willing to ______________ the lost bike.
6.I’ll _______ her _________ for her hospitality by inviting her to dinner.
Keys: paid off;pay for;pay attention to;pay off;pay for;pay back
词组突破：①pay “支付，偿还，工资” ②for“为了” off“离开，远离” back “拖欠的，来回的”
pay for 赔偿，为…而付钱，为…付出代价
1.Of course, I’m quite willing to pay for the lost bike.
2.“Have you paid for these books? ” “Yes, I have paid thirty dollars for these books.”
3.You have acted foolishly and you will pay for it.
pay back 偿还，报答，报复
1.He burst into tears, begging her to forgive him and swearing to pay back everything he had stolen.
2.I’ll pay her back for her hospitality by inviting her to dinner.
3.He paid me back by refusing to talk to me.
pay off 付清，取得成功，惩罚
1.It would take him the rest of his life to pay off that bill.
2.Sara was determined to become a doctor and her persistence paid off.
3.Walter will be paid off for his careless
pay attention to注意，重视
1.In doing our work, we must pay attention to ways and means.
总结：All the bank pay more attention about the borrower’s credit. If the borrower pay for something he want to buy first, but didn’t pay it back on time, he will be paid off for his dishonesty.
Keep on keep sb. from doing keep up with keep away(from) keep fit keep silent keep out
1. We'd better do more exercises and take part in outside activities to ___________.
2. Les kept s for a while.(2011年元调)
3. Hurry up, or you won’t _____________them.
4. Young girls like to _____________the latest fashions.
5. ________________ the doors while the train is moving.
6. The rain ___________going out.
7. ___________ until you reach the crossing.
Keys: 1. keep fit 2. silent 3. keep up with 4. keep up with 5.Keep away from 6. Kept us from 7. Keep on
fit “健康的”，keep fit“保持健康”
take part in take place take one’s place=take the place of take off
take up take after
1. Jim t his father. They are both clever and a little quiet. (13元调)
2. T your coat and sit down．
3. The plane is ．
4. No one can t Xi Dada’s .
5. Great changes have t in our country
6. We'd better do more exercises and t outside activities.
7.This work will t a lot of my time．
Keys: 1. takes after 2. take...off 3. taking off 4. take place 5. taken place 6. take part in 7. take up
pick up come up grow up look up give up blow up cut up sum up use up
1. I'll you at your office．
2. He and introduced himself．他走上前来并作了自我介绍。
3. Susan wants to be a doctor when she ．苏珊长大想当个医生。
4. Can you the time of the next train to Beijing？
5. They have their money．
6. Please the main points of the text in three sentences．
7. Please the apple into four pieces．
8. The enemy all the bridges in this area．
9. She realized she was wrong and the argument．
答案：1. pick up 2. came up 3. grows up 4. look up 5. used up 6.sum up 7. cut up 8.blew up 9. gave up
Put away 收拾
Put off 推迟
Put on 穿上；上演
Put out 扑灭；生产；出版
Put up 举起；张贴；搭建；提供住宿
Put up with 忍受
put away put off put on put out put up put up with
1. What a mess ,little Tom! you have to________ everything.
2. We’re invited friends to supper and it’s too late to be _______ now.
3. He was so heavy, so he didn’t want to ________ more weight.
4. The firefighter soon ________ the fire.
5. My friend will go on a vacation in Wuhan, and I will ______ her _______.
6. I’ll have to __________ the noise till I move next week.
Keys: put away; put off; put on; put out; put up; put up with
put为放 away 为“远离” 把...放的很远 即为“收起来”之意。
off有“从...上面下来” 之意， 把...从...上拿下来， 从安排好的日程上拿下来，即“推迟”
on 有“在...上”之意， 把...放上来， 可以理解为把电影排上日程。 即为“上映”。
out 有“出去”之意， 把火里面的空气赶出去， 即为“扑灭”
up 有“起来”之意，把...放起来，立起来， 即为 “搭建，张贴 ”之意。
Recently his new book will be put out.He will attend his news conference. He gets up early. He puts on his clothes.He has a good habit. He puts away his things.Unluckily, it’s raining heavily.At the moment,he answers a phone from the assistant. The conference will be put off. He can’t put up with the sudden change.
get up 起床
get out 出去
get off 下车
get over 克服
get away 离开
get on 上车
get ready for 准备好...
get up get out get ready for get on get away get over get off
1. He _______ and leaves the meeting without saying a word.
2. He _______ the bus with a knife, but the driver let him_________ immediately .
3. He and the other prisoners didn’t know if they would ever ________,
4. He lived a so difficult life. I wandered how he ________ it.
5. The meeting was so boring that he _________ from it.
6. He _________ the coming exam.
Keys: gets up; got on; got off; get out; got over; got away; got ready for
“up”有“起身，向上”之意， get up 即为 “起来”“起身”之意。
Out表示在...外面， get out 即为 “出去”之意。
on表在...之上 off表示从...上下来 get on 表示“上车” get off表示“下车”。
over有“越过”之意，get over 字面意思为 从...上越过， 即为“克服”之意
away 表示“远离”之意， get away 即为“离开”之意。
ready “有准备的” for 表示 为了... Get ready for 表示为了...做准备
Every morning we get up so early that we should get away from our warm and comfortable quilt. We have to get over the coldness to get out from home. Then we hurry to the bus station. Get on the bus, and push through the crowd to get off the bus. All we have done is to get ready for the whole day’s study.
Turn on 打开
Turn off 关掉
Turn down 调小；拒绝
Turn up 调大；出现
Turn in 上交
Turn out 生产；结果是
Turn out turn off turn in turn up turn down turn on
1.You should connect the hose(软管） to the tap and then _______ the water.
2.We should save energy. You should ________the lights when you leave the room.
3.He begged her to marry her, but she_________. What he has done_________ to be useless.
4.He have been waiting for her for a long time,but she didn’t _________.
5.The first thing we do every morning in class is to________ our homework.
Keys: turn on; turn off; turned down; turns out; turn up; turn in
Turn 本身就有“转，扭”之意， on 表示 开着 turn on 即表示“打开” 之意；off有“离开，请假”之意 turn off 把...扭的离开原来的位置，就是“关掉”；
up 表示向上, 向上扭动 turn up 调大。
down表示向下， turn down 表示 调小。 而down 本身还有心情低落之意， 所以你被别人拒绝了 是不是心情很down呢？ Turn down 也有“拒绝”之意。
Out 表示在外面，出去 之意， 那么turn out字面意思是 转身结果就出来了 那么 turn out 表示“结果证明是...”
In 表示 在...里面， turn 表示旋转，使改变方向，把作业都交往老师那里 turn in表示“上交”。
break into break down break one’s promise break out
1.He was twenty-nine when the World War Ⅱ .
2.Then one of them explained that a neighbor had seen someone _________ my house.
3.The mechine just at this busy hour.
4 . However, it’s evitable(不可避免的) to ______________ sometimes. But we should try out best to keep it.
Keys: 1. Break out 2. Breaking into 3. Broke down 4. Break one’s promise
Break into : 闯入
Break down: 发生故障，抛锚，失败
Break one’s promise/ words :食言（反）keep one’s promise/ words
Break out : 爆发，突然发生
out 为“向外”之意，如：go out . Break 是“破坏”， 所以 break out 是“向外破坏”，通常描述为“战争爆发”
Into 为“向里面”， break into 可以理解为“向里面破坏”，也就是“破门而入，闯入” 常用于： sb. break into someone’s house
Down 为“向下”， break down 就是“向下破坏”，一般是指机器故障或损坏。
Break one’s promise 较容易理解，注意其反义词组： keep one’s promise
set up set out set down set aside
1. Old Walter is __________ his memories of village life.
2. He has achieved what he _______ to do three years ago.
3. _______ some time each day to listen.
4. They have now _______ a new camp at St Peter’s Church in the town.
Keys: 1. set down 2. Set out 3. Set aside 4. Set up
Set down: 记下，放下
Set out: 出发
Set up: 建立 （establish）
Set aside: 留出
set 是 “放置，安置”之意，down 是“向下”，所以set down 是“向下放置”，也就是写下，记下。
Out 是“向外”， 将人向外放置，也就是“动身，出发”
Up 是“向上”， 将事物往上放置，也就是“向上建立，搭建”
Aside 是“一边”， 把东西放到一边，也就是“留出一些时间或者空间”
Look up look after look down upon look forward to
1. You shouldn’t _________ him because he is poor.
2. If you _______ someone ____, you visit them after not having seen them for a long time.
3. I will ________ her child when she is on a busy trip.
4. I ____________ receiving your early reply.
Keys: 1. look down upon 2. Look up 3. look after 4. look forward to
look after ：照顾
look down upon : 看不起 look down : 向下看
look up 尊重仰视
look forward to 期待 （+ doing）
look after 是固定搭配， look down 是“向下看，俯视”，引申为“看不起”
反义词是 look up “向上看”或者 “仰视尊重”， 同时，还有“查阅字典”的意思。
( ) 1. Lily is upset these days. Do you know how to ______ her ______?
A. cheer; up B. cheer; on C. pick; up D. put; away
( ) 2. Please _______these test papers to each student.
A. give off B. give out C. give up D. give in
( ) 3. All the students must ______your homework before ten o’clock, or you will be punished.
A. hand out B. hand in C. hand over D. hand on
( ) 4. Would you please _______ the music a little, Lily? I am learning English.
A. turn up B. turn down C. turn off D. turn on
( ) 5. Attention, please! The plane will _____ in a minute. Every passenger, please fasten(系) your safety belt.
A. take up B. take off C. take over D. take down
( ) 6. This math problem is very difficult, so I can’t ______it ______.
A. work; out B. point; out C. set; up D. try; on
( ) 7. If you don’t know the meaning of the word, you can _______ it _______ in the dictionary.
A. look; up B. look; into C. make; up D. dress; up
( ) 8. The old man _______ cancer at last.
A. died from B. died of C. goes through D. ends with
( ) 9. --What does your mother _______? --She is tall and beautiful.
A. look after B. look like C. look at D. look for
( ) 10. I don’t know how to _______my sad feeling. Can you help me?
A. do with B. deal with C. run after D. go over
( ) 11. I _______ my English teacher this morning while I was eating breakfast.
A. came about B. came from C. came across D. came over
( ) 12. --Shall I take you to the shopping center after school?
-- No, thanks. My father said he would ______ on his way home.
A. look for me B. pick me up C. let me down D. take after me
( ) 13.—Why don’t you _______the correct spelling of the word?
—I’m sorry. I don’t have a Chinese-English dictionary at hand.
A. look for B. look down C. look up D. look at
( ) 14. Have you _______ your new classmates yet?
A. had friends with B. made friend with C. got friend to D. made friends with
( ) 15—Would you mind ______ my baby while I am away? —Of course not.
A. looking for B. looking at C. looking after D. looking forward to
( ) 16..Tom, ______ your sunglasses. The sun is so bright.
A. put on B. put up C. put away D. put down
( ) 17.—Could I speak to Lily, please?--_____ a minute. I will call her at once.
A. Hold on B. Pass on C. Put on D. Hold back
( ) 18.I am sure those scientists will ______ a way to solve the difficult problem.
A. put up B. come up with C. look up D. come up
( ) 19.--Tim, ______ your T-shirt at once! It looks so dirty.--Sorry, Mum. I was playing football the whole afternoon.
A. take off B. take on C. put off D. put on
( ) 20.---Could you come to my home this weekend?
--I’m afraid I can’t. I_____ look after my grandmother in hospital.
A. used to B. have to C. prefer to D. belong to
( ) 21.The global financial crisis(金融危机) has made many people_____ their money.
A. to care for B. took care of C. be careful with D. to be cared about
( ) 22.---These problems are too difficult to ___ . Could you please give me some advice?
--There are many ways, but the most important is to think them over before doing them.
A. work out B. look out C. hand out D. put out
( ) 23.--I’m sorry I can’t find the library book anywhere. --I’m afraid you have to ______ it.
A. send for B. call for C. pay for D. wait for
( ) 24.---,Jim, what are you doing now?
--I’m writing to my good friend, Tom．He moved to America last week．He must be_____ receiving my e-mail．
A．1istening to B．looking forward to C．hoping to D. excited to
( ) 25. Jill doesn’t like the sunglasses in the ad because they can’t _____ the sun well.
A. take out B. keep out C. clean out D. look out
( ) 26. It is impolite to _____ those people in trouble．
A．1augh to B. 1augh with C. laugh of D. 1augh at
( ) 27. Many old buildings were _______ and new buildings are being built.
A. put out B. pulled down C. gone down D. fell down
( ) 28.—Tess, your books are in a terrible mess (凌乱)on your desk.
—I’m sorry. I’ll _________ at once.
A. put them away B. put them out C. put them on D. put them down
( ) 29. .More and more waste has ___ a lot of space. We should take some measures to reduce it.
A. taken place B. taken away C. taken up D. taken off
( )30. –What smells terrible, Bob?
--I’m sorry. I’ll ____ my socks and wash them right now.
A. get away B. move away C. take away D. put away
( )31. -- I have so many problems these days and nobody can help_
-- So you'll have to _____ those problems by yourself.（2014年元调 ）
A. get out B. get off C. get over D. get away
( )32. – There’s too much sunshine now.
-- We'd better _____ our sunglasses.（2014年元调）
A. put on B. tum on C. get on D. try on
( )33. I used to _______ with my wife and watch TV movies at home. （2014年中考）
A. show up B. wake up C. come up D. stay up
( )34. It was a difficult time, but we never ________ hope.（2010年中考）
A. put up B. gave up C. picked up D. used up
( )35. ---What are you going to do for the School Day?
---We'll _____ a new play.（2011年中考）
A. put out B. put off C. put into D. put on
( )36.Once the actor Edwards told his fans,“Be yourself and don’t let anybody _______ you around.“（2012年中考）
A.pull B.push C.take D.turn
( )37. After winning the badminton championship at Wuhan Sports Center in May, the Chinese players’ faces ____ with joy.（2012年中考）
A. made up B. took up C. put up D. lit up
( )38. It seems that the aged people _________ the H7N9 more easily from the recent cases. （2013年中考）
A. pick up B. mix up C. set up D. use up
答案：1~10 ABBBB AABBB 11~20 CBCDC AABAB
21~30 CACBB DBACC 31~38C ADBD BDA
1. As I continued walking, I saw a group of kids run into Dan, knocking his books out of his arms and pushing him so he fell over.
2. as we were picking up his books, I saw tears in his eyes.
3. We hung out all weekend and the more I got to know Dan, the more I liked him.
4. I paid this bill in advance.
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