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新目标英语七年级下英语知识点总结         ★★★
新目标英语七年级下英语知识点总结
作者:佚名 文章来源:web 点击数: 更新时间:2013-3-11 21:23:27

3. It is over at 10:45.   

______ ______ _____ it over? 

4. They are having a music class?

 ______ ______ _____ they ______ ?

5. He has six English lessons every week. 

_______ ________ English lessons ________ he ________ every week?

6. He has Chinese, English and math lessons on Monday. 

________ _________he ________ on Monday?

7. I like history because it’s easy.

________ ________ you ________  history?

8. He thinks PE is very interesting.

________ ________ he ________ ________ PE? 

________ ________ he ________ PE?

9. I like PE best.

_______ _______ do you like _______? 

词形转换

V—Vs/ be+Ving /Ving/to V  N.--- Ns  

1.They are all _________(friend) to me. 

2. I like English _______ (well) 

3. Best _______ (wish) to you for Mother’s Day.

4.My mother often tells me many interesting ________ (story). 

5. The Great Wall is ________ (wonder).

6. They do a lot of outdoor _______(activity) after school. 

7. They are many books on those ________ (shelf).

8. He is _______ (run) on the playground. 

9. It’s 9:00. They are _______ (have) a class. 

10. May often ________ it. (watch)

11. They usually ________(ride) bikes to school. 

12. Sunday is the ________ (one) day of a week.

13. Jim usually _______(do) sports after school. Look! He ____________(swim) in the pool.

14. Maria likes ___________(read) in the library. She ____________books in the library every Saturday.

15. It’s time ____________ (have) lunch. The students ____________ (have) lunch in the dinning room at the moment.

16. Listen!They___________(sing) in the classroom.

They ____________(sing)songs in the music lessons once a week.

17. It’s 10 pm. Jane would like ____________(sleep).

Look, she ____________(sleep) in the bed now.

18. Kate ____________(think) maths ___________(be) different from Chinese.

19. Li Ming usually ____________(ride) a bike to school. But today it’s late. So he ___________(take) a car to school now.

20. My brother _________(like) __________(play) computer games very much.

Now, he __________(have) a computer class.

 

 

Unit 6 Topic 1

(一)重点短语:

1. on the second floor 在第二层

The building has four floors. I am on the first floor.

2. go upstairs adv.)上楼; go downstairs 下楼    

3. a moment later 过了一会儿 

4. play with sb 和某人一起玩   play with sth. 玩弄某物

5. in front of in the front of 区别:加the的词组表示物体内部的前面  

6. on the wall 在墙上  in the wall

7. on the tree (苹果)  in the tree (鸟) 

8. a model plane 模型飞机 

9. play on the computer 玩电脑 (比较play computer games 玩电脑游戏)

(二)重点句型

1. There be 句型 (翻译出来是“在某地有某物”,表示一种客观存在

have主观拥有,其主语是人。结构 There be + 主语+介词短语,

注意就近原则

肯定句:There is a computer in your study.

否定句: There isn’t a computer in your study.

一般疑问句: Is there a computer in your study? 

Yes, there is./ No, there isn’t.

特殊疑问句:What’s[微软中国1]  in your study?

★问数量:How many computers are there in your study?

     【注】There is some milk on the table. (此处虽然是some milk,

但是由于是不可数名词,be动词还是用is

           变为否定句:There isn’t any milk on the table.

   ★就近原则: There is a lamp , a computer, some books and so on.

有一盏灯、一台电脑和一些书等等。

2. Welcome to my new home. homen.

(对比Welcome home home adv.

3. There are so[微软中国2]  many books on the shelf. 书架上有这么多好看的书啊。

4. Why not go upstairs and have a look? = Why don’t you…….

为什么不上楼看一看呢?

5.My dog is playing with my computer. 我的狗在玩我的电脑呢。

6.Don’t put them here. Put them away.别把它们放在这儿,请收起来放好。

7. You must look after your things.你必须保管好你的东西。

8.How many pairs of shoes are there under the bed? 在床下有多少双鞋子?

9. There are many beautiful flowers in the garden, but there aren’t any trees in it.

花园里有许多漂亮的花,但是却没有树。

10. I love playing on the computer in the study. 我喜欢在书房玩电脑。

love doing sth.=like doing sth. 喜欢做某事)

(三)重点[介词]用法

  年、月、午(别),季(节)in加上, 某日午别当用on

钟点时(刻)、日(期)用at, 一周七天均用on.

(四)重点易错题:

一)根据句意,用适当的介词填空。

1. Look, there are many apples __________ the tree.

  1. The football is _________ the door, so you can’t see it.
  2. My sister’s bedroom is __________ the first floor.
  3. Would you like to go upstairs _________ me?
  4. Here is your coat. You must look after it carefully.
  5. It’s a quarter _____________________ five. Let’s go home.

二)单选

1. There _________ good news for you. I find your lost purse.

Really? Thank you very much.

A. have         B. are          C. is           D. be

2Look at the picture of my bedroom. There ________ a ball and some shoes under the bed.

     A. are           B. is           C. have        D. be

3. _______ there a pair of pants on the bed?

     No, but there is a coat.

     A. Do           B. Does         C. Is          D. Are

4. The house is behind the tree, so the tree is _________ the house.

     A. in the front of      B. in front of        C. behind         D. back

5. There will ______ a class meeting ________ the morning of May 4th .

     A. have, at           B. have on         C. be, at           D. be, on

6. What ________ on the desk?

    There are some flowers.

     A. be               B. am            C. are              D. is

7. I’m glad _________ a letter from you.

     A. get               B. getting          C. to get         D. gets

8. Are there __________flowers in your room?

    No, there aren’t.

     A. a         B. some         C. the          D. any

9. Jane is looking __________ her little sister, because her mother isn’t at home.

     A. at          B. after          C. for          D. up

)句子

1. There are many apples on the table.(改为一般疑问句)

  _______________ ____________ ______________ apples on the table?

1.      My bedroom is next to my study. (对划线部分进行提问) 

___________ _________ __________ bedroom ?

2.      Jack is playing basketball. (对划线部分进行提问)

_________ Jack _________ ?

3.      Why not go to the study? (同意句转换)

__________ _________ ____________ go to the study?

4.      There are seven days in a week. (对划线部分提问)

_________________________________________________?

5.      Whose bike is this?

    It’s not __________ (my). It’s ______________ (Jack).

6.      There are five rooms on the ______________ (two) floor.

7.      My cousin is playing games on the playground. (对划线部分提问)

_________ is your cousin __________ on the playground?

 

Unit 6Topic 2

(一)重点短语

1. 在农村 in the country  在郊区 in the suburb

2.一套三居室的房子 house with three bedrooms 

3. call sb. at +电话号码 ,拨打….与某人联系  

4. a quiet double room under 300yuan per[微软中国3]  month 一间安静的双人间,月租低于300

5.house with furniture for a family of three 适合三口之家,家具齐全的房子

6. rent sth. to sb. 把某物租给某人   rent sth. from sb. 从某人那租某物

7. on the street corner  在街角 

8. keep money 存钱 

9. 寄信 mail (post) letter  

10. see a doctor 看医生

11. month 的复数 months  

12 at the end of …..的尽头   

13 community service center in our area 在我们这带的服务中心

14. 靠近 be close (adj.) to  / close (adv.) to / near / next to (紧靠) 

【反义词是 far from

15. right now 马上,立刻= at once    

16. Children’s Day 儿童节 Teachers’ Day 教师节 Women’s Day 妇女节

(二)重点句型:

1.--What’s your home like? [微软中国4] 你的家是什么样的?

--It’s an apartment building. 它是一栋公寓楼。

2. They live in a big farmhouse in the country. 他们住在农村的农舍里。

3. What’s the matter with….?= What’s up with……?= What’s wrong with…..?

……有什么事?

4. I hear you playing the piano我听到你正在弹钢琴

hear sb. do sth. 表示听到某人做过了某事,类似的有see,watch,find

5. --I ‘m afraid it’s too loud.    --恐怕声音有点大。

--I’ m really sorry about that. --我真的对此很抱歉。

6. There are no houses on the right. = There aren’t any houses….

no后可以加可数和不可数名词= not any后加不可数名词或者可数名词复数  / not a 后加可数名词单数)

7. There are a lot of[微软中国5]  tall buildings and small gardens in our community.

在我们的社区里有许多高楼和小花园。

8. There are many shops and restaurants close to my home.

= My home is close to my shops.我家附近有许多商店和饭店。

9. The parking lot and the train station are not far from here.

停车场和火车站离这不远。(near/close to 反义词far from

10. We can call it for help. (call sb for sth/ doing sth.)

我们可以打电话向它求救。

11. Are there many people[微软中国6]  living near your home? 有许多人住在你家附近吗?

there be +sb.+doing sth表示某地有某人在做什么)

12. I can’t hear you, the line is bad. 我听不清,线路不好。

13. My kitchen fan doesn't work.

= There is something wrong with my kitchen fan.

= Something is wrong with my kitchen fan. 我家厨房的排气扇坏了。

14. I’ll get someone to check it right now.我会马上派人去检查一下它的。

(get sb to do sth. 派某人去做某事 = ask sb to do sth.

   15. Many people are moving from cities to the suburbs.

许多人正从城市搬迁到郊区。

move to …., move from ….to ….…..搬到、移动到…..

    16. The traffic[微软中国7]  is heavy and the cost of living is high. 交通拥挤,生活开销高。

       cost 在这做名词,做动词时,主语是物,句型 sth. cost sb some money

         e.g. The rose costs me 10 yuan.

17. There are many houses with big yards in the suburbs.

郊区有许多带着大院子的房子。

    18. What kind of home do you live in? 你住在什么样的房子里?

()易错题:

1. 这个衬衫花了我50元。

______________________________.

    2. There are two _________(钢琴) and three guitars in the room.

    3. --The classroom is so dirty.

      -- Oh, I’ll get someone ______ it soon.

       A. cleans     B. clean       C  cleaning    D . to clean

    4. --- Where do you live, Mary?

      --- I live ___________ Zhongshan Road.

         A at the end of    B. on the end    C in the end    D. by the end of

    5. 很多家庭喜欢从城市搬到郊区。

       Many families like __________________ the city ______ the suburbs.

    6. 杰克听到他妈妈正在厨房唱歌。

       Jack  _______ his mother ________________________________.

    7. 请保持安静。______________________________.

    8. 连词成句:  in , a, single, I , need, room, to , live, quiet

                _______________________________________________

    9. 我看到他正在操场上玩球。

       _________________________________________________________

   10. 那个女孩想寄些东西给她的朋友。

      __________________________________________________________

   11. There is one picture in my bedroom.(就划线部分提问)

       ________________________________________________________-

   12. If you want to have a picnic. You can ____ a car _____ the company.

      A. rent; to    B. rent ; for      C. rent ; from    D. rent; of

   13. Michael likes music very much. I often hear him________ the piano at home.

      A. plays    B playing      C. play           D to play

   14. My home  is ___________ my school/

       A. close to    B. closed from    C. closed to  

   15. --Which city do you _________? -- I live in New York.

       A live  in    B. live           C. to live

   16. My watch doesn’t work.(写出两个同义句)

       _________________________________________________________

   17. There  ____ a pen and two pencils in the pencil-box.

        A  are    B be     C is

   18. I’d like a cup of coffee _______ some sugar and milk/

       A. in      B. of      C. with      D. to

   19. Look!There are some children ________ in the scool yard.

         A. play   B. are playing   C.  to  play   D. play

   20. --What’s your father like?

        --_________________.

        A. He likes apples.           B. He is kind.

C. He lives in a tall buliding    D. He likes living in the city.

 

 

Uint 6Topic 3

(一)重点短语

1.      turn left at the first street 在第二个街口向左转

= take the second street(turning) on the left

2. go across (prep.) the bridge = cross (v.)the bridge 过桥

3. across from ….的对面  

4. on the road 在路上  on/ in the street 在街上

5. on the corner of the street 在街角

(比较in the corner of at the corner of

6. between….and ….….之间

7. walk on 继续走 

8 public phone 公用电话 

9. at the traffic lights 在红绿灯处 

10. No right turn 禁止右转  No parking 禁止停车   Go straight 直走  

11.  be in danger 处于危险之中   

12. get hurt 受伤(get 系动词,hurt 是形容词)

13. lose one’s life 失去了某人的生命

14. obey the traffic rules 遵守交通规则 

15. a ticket for speeding/ drinking and driving/parking in the wrong place

/ making a wrong turn 超速/酒后驾车/乱停车/转错弯罚单    

16. make a wrong turn 转错弯

17. keep quiet in class. 上课时要安静。

(二)重点句型

1.--Excuse me, is there a bank near here?

-- Go up Go alongthis street to the end ,and you will find it on your left.

--打扰了,请问附近有银行吗?

--沿着这条街一直走到尽头,你就会发下银行在你左边。

2. How can I get to the bookstore? = Could you tell me the way to the bookstore?

= Could you tell me how to get to the bookstore?

= Where is the way to the bookstore? 问路的句型

3.      It's about five hundred meters[微软中国8]  along adv. on the right.

顺着右边走大约500就到了。

4.      Go along this road until you get to Beisihuan Road.

沿着这条路一直走,直到你到达北四环路。(特指某个道路前面不加the

大写这条路的名字)

5.      You can’t miss it. 你不会错过它的。(miss 除了表示错过,还可以表示“想念”e.g. She misses her mother.

6.      You need to take bus No. 718, then you should change to the No. 108 bus at Anzhen Bridge.

你需要乘坐718路车,然后你应该在安贞桥换乘108路车。

【注意:】(1need to do sth, 需要去做某事 ; need sth / sb 需要某物,某人(2should 在这是情态动词,后加动原。

3change to 转乘。 change from A to B A变成B 

change 作名词还可以表示“零钱”,不可数)

4)几路车有两种表示方法: bus NO.718 或者the NO.718 bus

7. --How far is it from here? (问距离) --It’s about ten kilometers away from here.

离这有多远?离这有十千米远。

8. How can we make the roads safe? 我们怎样才能使道路安全?(make sth/ sb. +adj.

9Beforeprep. we cross the road, we must stop and look both ways.

在我们过马路之前,我们必须停下来向路的两边看。

10. We must never play on the street. 我们绝对不能在街上玩耍。

= We must not play the street.

11. It’s good to help children and old people to cross the road.

帮助小孩和老人过马路是一种助人为乐的行为。(It’s good to do sth.

12.Wait for your turn when the lights are red.

在红灯亮之前请等待。

(三)易错题

1. Before you______ the road, you must stop and have a look.

A. cross  B. go cross  C. across  D. crossing

2. --________ is the train station from the post office?  

-- About twenty-minute bike ride.

A.     How much  B. How long  C. How often  D. How far

3.      The theater is _____ the corner of the restaurant.

    A. on  B. in  C.  for  D. from

4. It’s good ______________ old people and blind people.

A. help  B. helping  C.  to help  D. for helping

5. --How far is it from here?

--It’s about 2 kilometers _________ here.

A.     far  B. away from  C. near from  D. away

6. The baby ________ a doctor because he is ill.

A.     need  B. need to  C.  is need  D. needs

7. --Where is your school?

--Our school is _________ a hospital.

A.     across  B. away  C. across from  D.  between

8.Go down the street and turn ___ left. The restaurant is ____ the right.

A. to; at  B. to; to  C./; on   D. on; to

9. Excuse me, can you tell me ____________ the post office?

    A. the way   B. the way for  C. the way to  D. the way near

10. --How can I get to the supermarket?

--First you should take the NO.2 bus to Beifeng Bridge, and then you need

______the NO.8 bus.

    A. to change  B. change to   C. to change to  D. to change for

11. --Excuse me, how can I get to the book store?

    --Go across the bridge. It’s about 200 meters ________ on the left.

    A. about  B. far   C. along  D. near

12. Thank you anyway.  ( 同义句转换 )    

Thank you _______  _______  ________.

13. Take the first turning on the left. ( 同义句转换 )  

________  _______ at the

first turning.

14. My office is on the second floor. ( 对划线部分提问)

______ _______  ______ office?

15.The bank is at the end of this road. You will find it.  ( 同义句转换 ) 

The bank is at the end of this road. You _______  _________ it.

 

 

Unit7 Topic 1

(一)核心词汇:

birthday, May, celebrate, party, fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth, ninth, tenth, twelfth, twentieth, date, January, March, April, June, July, August, September, October, November, December, alone, were, born, was, thousand, present, shape, hill, square, circle, ago, machine, football, special, candle, surprise.

(二)常用词组:

1. plan to do sth. 计划做某事               

2. be born 出生 

3. have a look 看一看                      

4. just now 刚才

5. use sth. for / to… 用某物作……         

6. do some cleaning 做扫除

(三)重点句型:

1.      How do you plan to celebrate it?    你打算如何庆祝?

2.      ----When were you born?        你什么时候出生?

----I was born in June, 1970.     我生于19706月。

3.      ----Were you born in Hebei?     你出生于河北吗?

----Yes, I was.                 是的,我是。

4.      When was your daughter born?   你的女儿什么时候出生?

5.      --Was she born in Hebei, too?    她也生于河北吗?

--No, she wasn’t.              不,她不是。

6.      --Where was she born?        她出生于哪里?

--She was born in Henan.      她出生于河南。

7.      --What’s the shape of your present?  你的礼物的形状是什么?

   --It’s round.                     它是圆形的。

8.      --What shape is it?              它是什么形状?

--It’s a rectangle.                它是长方形的。

9.      --What do we use it for?        我们用它来做什么?

--We used it to study English.      我们用它来学习英语。

10. --How long / wide is it?              它多长/ 宽?

--It’s 60 centimeters long/wide.        60厘米长/宽。      

()交际用语:

1.      --Would you like to come?       你想要来吗?

--Yes, I’d love to.              是的,我想要来。

2.      --What day is it?               今天星期几?

--It’s Thursday.                星期四。

3.      --What’s the date today?       今天几号?

--It’s May 8th.                58号。

4.      --Can I have a look(at sth)?      我可以看一下(…)吗?

--Sorry, I’m afraid you can’t.     对不起,恐怕你不能。

(五)语法精粹:

1.      一般过去时(I

一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态,常与 a minute ago, yesterday, last year, in those days, just now, in 1990等表示过去的时间状语连用;一般过去时也表示过去经常或反复发生的动作。

如:I got up at 6:30 yesterday. 昨天我630分起床。

My father was at work yesterday afternoon. 昨天下午我父亲在上班。

He always went to work by bus last year. 去年他总是乘公共汽车上班。

2.      基数词和序数词的用法

123,特殊记,th四加起

8后面减去t,      nine后面不要e

ve 要用f替,    ty变成tie

几十,几百几,只变个位记心里

(六)典型习题

一)用所给单词的正确形式填空。

1. Would you like to _____________ (celebrate) your birthday with your

good friends?

2. The twins ________ (be) born on December 22nd, 2005.

They are three years old now.

3. Mr. White lives on the ___________ (twelve) floor in this building.

4. September is the ________ (nine) month of the year.

5. There _______ (be) a kite on the wall just now.

二)单项选择题:

1.      --When did Hong Kong return to our motherland?

--________ July 1st, 1997.

A. On    B. In    C. At       D. For 

2. -- What was the date yesterday?    --_________

  A. It was June 2nd.          B. It’s May 8th, 2008.

  C. It was Sunday.           D. It’s Tuesday.

3. --What do we use MP3 for?

  --We ________ it ______ some music.

   A. use; to listen to              B. use; listen

   C. is listening; to listen        D. are listening; listening

4. The girl’s friends give her many presents ________ her birthday.

   A. at       B. on         C. to         D. in

5. Tom and bill __________ afraid _________ English classes a year ago.

But now they are good at it.

   A. are; to have    B. were; to have     C. were; having   D. are; having

6. --Today is your birthday. Happy birthday and here ________ a birthday card

_____ you.            --Thank you very much.

   A. is; to      B. are; to       C. is; for       D. are; for

7. -- What ________ Jim like?  And what _______ he like?

  --He is thin and tall. And he likes apples.

   A. is; does   B. is; look   C. is; is    D. does; look

三)句型转换:

1.      He was born in April, 1983. (对划线部分提问)

_________ was he born?

2.      Today is Saturday. (对划线部分提问)

________ ________ is it today?

3.      His birthday is May 1st. (同义句转换)

He was born ________ _________ _________.

4.      Tom and Mike were born in the U.S.A. (对划线部分提问)

__________  ________  Tom and Mike born?

5.      I was born in Shandong on September 10th. (改为一般疑问句)

______ _______ born in Shandong on September 10th?

四)根据汉语提示完成句子:

  1. Next Sunday is Kangkang’s birthday. We want to ___________ (举行生日

聚会)for him.

  1. Li Xing often helps his mother to _________ (打扫卫生).
  2. --Can I _________ (看一看) at your father’s new car?

--Yes, you can.

  1. We want to buy a beautiful present to _______________(给他一个惊喜).
  2. Her mother ____________________(在做丰盛的晚餐) for her birthday.
  3. He _______________ (出生于) on August 1st of 1992.

 

 

Unit 7Topic 2

 (). 重点短语

  1.  在晚会上         at the party

     在康康的生日晚会  at Kangkang’s birthday party

  2.  弹钢琴     play the piano

      踢足球     play soccer

     打球类比赛  play ball games

  3.  唱汉语/英文歌曲  sing Chinese/English songs

      唱一首英文歌曲  sing an English song

  4.  跳迪斯科          dance the disco

     /表演芭蕾舞      perform ballet 

  5.  玩儿得高兴      have a good time = enjoy oneself

  6.  把这些花拿到晚会上去    take these flowers to the party

     把那些花拿到晚会上来     bring those flowers to the party

      bring/take …to … (有方向、远近之分)

  7.  如此多的人   so many people (people集体名词,单复数同形)

     如此多的水/牛奶/果汁  so much water/milk/juice

     一些人//学生        some people/water/students 

  8.  爬树/            climb trees/ hills

  9.  照相              take photos/ pictures

     给某人照相         take photos/pictures of/for sb.

 10.  画画              draw pictures

 11.  讲、说日语        speak Japanese

     用日语说这个单词   say the word in Japanese

 12. 做飞机模型         make model planes 

 13. 户外活动           outdoor activities

    室内活动           indoor activities 

 14. 一年前             one year ago

    四年前             four years ago

 15. 擅长做某事         be good at +n./ pron./doing

    在某方面做得好     do well in +n./ pron./doing

    在某方面做得更好   do better in +n./ pron./doing

 16. 岁时           at the age of…

 17. 在某人的帮助下     with someone’s help with the help of someone

 18. 开始做某事         begin to do sth. = start to do sth.

 19. ……困难         be hard for…

 20.想要做某事         would like to do sth. / want to do sth.

(二)重点句子总结

 1. –Can you count the photos for me? 你能为我数数这些照片吗?

--Yes, I can. / No, I can’t.  好的,可以。/ 不,不可以。

2. –Do you want to sing Chinese songs or English songs?

你想唱中文歌还是英文歌?

  --Chinese songs.   中文歌。

3. –Can you dance the disco or perform ballet? 你会跳迪斯科还是跳芭蕾舞?

  --I can dance the disco. 我会跳迪斯科。

4. –What else can you do? 你还能做其他什么吗?(else为形容词,做后置定语。一般放在不定代词和疑问词之后)

  --I can dance and play the guitar. 我会跳舞和弹吉他。

5. I can only/also sing English songs. 我只/ 也会唱英文歌。

only/also一般放在be动词、情态动词之后,实义动词之前)

6. I can swim a little / very well.(修饰动词不能用very good

  我会一点游泳。/ 我游泳游得很好

  I can’t swim at all.  我根本不会游泳。

7. I’m sure we’ll have a good time at the party. 

我确信我们在晚会上一定会过得很愉快。

(be sure of… / be sure to do. be sure (that)+句子

8. –Happy birthday to you! 生日快乐!Best wishes to you! 衷心祝福你!

   --Thank you(very much) / Thanks (a lot). (非常)谢谢!

 9. When she was five, she could only dance a little. 当她五岁时,她会跳一点儿舞。

  (when在这里是连词,后跟句子。也可做疑问词,引导提问日期的特殊疑问句)

 10. One year ago, she couldn’t do it at all. 一年前她根本不会做这件事。

 11. They could do it before, but not very well.

他们一年前会做这件事,但是做得不是很好。

 12. Zhang Jun can ride a bike this year, but he couldn’t do it a year ago.

    张军今年会骑自行车,但是他一年前并不会。

 13. Michael can’t come to school today because he hurt his right leg.

    Michael今天不能来上学了,因为他伤到了他的右腿。

 14. I couldn’t play the piano when I was four and I still can’t now.

    我四岁时不会弹钢琴而且我现在仍然不会。

 15. Kangkang is good at playing soccer, while Michael does well in basketball.

    康康擅长踢足球,Micheal篮球打得好。(表示对比)

 16. Six years ago, there was something wrong with her eyes.there be 过去时)

    六年前,她的眼睛出了毛病。

 17. She couldn’t see anything. = She could see nothing.

    她什么都看不见了。

 18. Life was very hard for her when she was young.

    当她年轻的时候,生活对她来讲是艰难的。

 19. In English, “hard” means “difficult” here.

    英语中,“hard”的意思是困难的。

 20. No way!  没门!绝对不行!

()重要语法总结

情态动词can / could 的用法

  1. 情态动词本身有各种意义,但不能单独做谓语,只能和动词一起构成谓语,表示说话人的语气和情感。没有人称和数的变化。

  2. can/could 表示一般的能力,could表示过去的能力,can 表示现在或将来的能力。

  3. 当表示允许别人某事时,用can而不用could.

  4. 表示提议和请求。在语气上could较客气,但can较肯定。

   e.g. A m can’t swim.

She couldn’t draw before.

--Could I open the door now?

--Yes, of course you can.

Could you tell me the way to the hospital?

 () 典型练习题

一)单项选择

1. Bob likes to play ____soccer and he also likes to play ____piano.

A. /; the    B. the; the    C. the; /    D. /; /

2. --____do you want to eat?

--Thanks. I’m full.

A. What else    B. What other    C. Else what    D. Other what

3. --Do they both like reading books?

--Yes. Lucy likes reading science books, _____Lily likes reading storybooks.

   A. so      B. or      C. while      D. when

4. --Can Jane sing English songs ____the party?

--Yes. She can sing them ____her teacher’s help now.

   A. at; under   B. of; with    C. of; under    D. at; with

5. --Can I take away these nice presents?

--_____. They are for my friends. 

   A. Not way    B. No way    C. Don’t worry   D. All right

6. --Could Jane dance the disco____?

--No, but she could play ball games three years ____.

   A. before; ago    B. ago; before    C. ago; ago   D. before; before

7. --Are you good at ____?

--No, but I do well in ____.

   A. swim; fish         B. swimming; fishing  

C. swim; fishing      D. swimming; fish

8. --Can you draw pictures for me?

    --_______ I have too much homework to do.

    A. Yes, I can.    B. No, I can’t.     C. Yes, he can.

  9. --Li Ming often plays sports on the playground. Can he play basketball?

    --Yes, he can. He can do it _______

     A. a little      B. very well       C. very good

 10. We have very ______water left. Please go and get some.

  A. any        B. little           C. a lot of

 11. --There are _____drinks in the room. What do you want?

--No, thanks.

    A. so many     B. so much    C. a little

12. --What present would you like to _____to the party, Jack?

--It’s a secret.

    A. carry        B. take       C. get

13. --Are the twins ______in the same school?

--Yes, they are.

    A. all         B. both       C. each

14. She can sing English songs, but she doesn’t know ______about Chinese songs.

    A. some         B. anything         C. a lot

二)首字母或适当形式或汉译英填空。

1. The word “hard” _____(意思是)difficult.

2. 我爸爸在十八岁时就能开车了。

My father ________a car _____________eighteen.

3. 昨天我的自行车坏了。

There __________________ my bike yesterday.

4. 今天公园里有如此多的人。

There are _________ people in the park today.

5. Mary _____()to her parents twice a month.

6. What does the new word _____(意思是)

7. 在我父亲的帮助下,我能阅读了。

 I can read _________________.

8. ___________(别的什么) can you sing?

9. Maria ________________(擅长于) performing ballet.

10. Life is very _____________(……困难) him.

11. Jane couldn’t ride a bike. She ______her ___________(伤了左腿)

12. Something is w_______with his eyes. He can see nothing.

13. You help me so much, but I s____ can’t do it.

14. Lucy can _______(draw) pictures.

15. John and Mike ____________(fly) kites near the river now.

16. Jim ______(can) not cook five years ago.

三)句型转换

1. Jane has something to do at school today.(改为一般疑问句)

Does Jane ___________to do at the party today?

2. My new model plane doesn’t work. (改为同义句)

    There is _______________with my new model plane.

  3. Basketball, two, girls, could, play, years, the, two, ago

    ____________________________________________

  4. Sam, making, can, model, I, see, plane, a, there

    ____________________________________________

5. Tom can play the guitar.(piano改为选择疑问句)

    ______Tom play the guitar _____play the piano?

7. She performs ballet very well.(改为同义句)

She is ______________________ballet.

8. Michael likes playing football. David likes reading books in the library.

(while连接)

__________________________________________________.

9. I can help my mother on Sundays. (对划线部分提问)

_________ you _____on Sunday?

 

Unit7 Topic3

(一)重点短语

1. at Kangkang’s birthday party.在康康的生日晚会上

2. recite a Chinese poem背一首中文诗

3. perform magic tricks表演魔术

4. enjoy oneself    have a good time玩的很高兴

5. dance the disco跳迪斯科

6. perform kung fu /ballet表演功夫 / 跳芭蕾舞

7. one of Kangkang’s friends康康的一个朋友

8. miss the chair没抢着椅子

9. fall down倒下

10. hurt oneself伤着自己

11. at once // right now // right away立刻,马上

12. happen to sb./sth.发生在某人/某物身上

13. stand up站起来  // sit down  坐下

14. come back to /return to…回来

15. at that time在那时

16. play video games玩电子游戏

17. go to the movies去看电影  see a movie  看电影

19. lie to sb   /   tell sb a lie   /     tell a lie to sb对某人撒谎

20. tell the truth讲真话

21. talk about谈论// talk to……讲话// talk with ……谈话

22. win//lose the game赢得//输掉比赛

23. have a birthday party for sb为某人举办一个生日晚会

24. buy sth for sb =buy sb sth给某人买某物

25. bring sth for sb给某人带来某物    

26. by hand手工

27. each of us我们中的每一个人(后面的动词用单数)

28. sit around围着坐

29. make a silent wish默默许愿

30. blow out吹灭

31. in one breath一口气

32. think over考虑

33. write down写下来

34. in one’s home在某人家  at home在家  at one’s house

35. come to one’s party参加某人的晚会

36. write a letter to sb. /write sb a letter /write to sb给某人写信

37. thank sb for sth / doing sth     thanks for sth / doing sth感谢某人某事/做某事

38. Best wishes最良好的祝愿

39. have a big dinner举行一个丰盛的晚宴

(二)重点句型

1How was Kangkang’s birthday party ?  康康的生日晚会怎样   

 It was very nice.   非常好.

2You speak Chinese very well.  你讲汉语真好

3It’s your turn.  该你了。 It’s one’s turn to do sth. 轮到某人做某事了。

4What’s the matter ?  怎么了?What’s the trouble ?  What’s wrong ?

5This way, please.请这边走

6We did see a movie. 我们的确看电影了。(do/did/does +动原表强调)

7What else did you do at the party ? 在晚会上你还做别的什么了?

8Why didn’t you tell me the truth ?你为什么不给我讲真话?

(三)重点语法

一般过去时

1.一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态,常和表示过去的时间状语连用。一般过去时也表示过去经常或反复发生的动作。
2
Be动词在一般过去时中的变化:
am is在一般过去时中变为was。(was not=wasn’t
are在一般过去时中变为were。(were not=weren’t
带有waswere的句子,其否定、疑问的变化和is, am, are一样,即否定句在waswere后加not,一般疑问句把waswere调到句首。
3
.句中没有be动词的一般过去时的句子
  
否定句:didn’t +动词原形,

如:Jim didn’t go home yesterday.
  
一般疑问句:在句首加did,句子中的动词过去式变回原形。
              
如:Did Jim go home yesterday?
  
特殊疑问句:疑问词+did+主语+动词原形?
             
如:What did Jim do yesterday?
             
疑问词当主语时:疑问词+动词过去式?
             
如:Who went to home yesterday?
动词过去式变化规则:
1.一般在动词末尾加-ed,如:pull-pulled, cook-cooked
2
.结尾是ed,如:taste-tasted
3
.末尾只有一个元音字母和一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加-ed,如:stop-stopped  plan-planned trip          -tripped
4
.以辅音字母+y”结尾的,变yi 再加-ed,如:study-studied
5
.不规则动词过去式:
   am/is-was, are-were, do-did, see-saw, say-said, give-gave, get-got, go-went, come-came, have-had, eat-ate, take-took, run-ran, sing-sang, put-put, make-made, read-read, write-wrote, draw-drew, drink-drank, fly-flew, ride-rode, speak-spoke, sweep-swept, swim-swam, sit-sat

(四)易错题

一)用行为动词的适当形式填空
1. He _________ (live) in Wuxi two years ago.
2. The cat ________ (eat) a bird last night.
3. We _______ (have) a party last Halloween.
4. Nancy ________ (pick) up oranges on the farm last week.
5. I ________ (make) a model ship with Mike yesterday.
   6. They ________ (play) chess in the classroom last PE lesson.
   7. My mother _______ (cook) a nice food last Spring Festival.
   8. The girls ________ (sing) and _______ (dance) at the party.

二)用be动词的适当形式填空
1. I _______ at school just now.
2. He ________ at the camp last week.
3. We ________ students two years ago.
4. They ________ on the farm a moment ago.
5. Yang Ling ________ eleven years old last year.
6. There ________ an apple on the plate yesterday.
7. There ________ some milk in the fridge on Sunday.
8. The mobile phone _______ on the sofa yesterday evening.

三)句型转换

  1. I did my homework after school yesterday. (变为否定句)

    I ______  ______my homework after school yesterday.

  2. She watched TV after supper. (就划线部分提问)

    ______ ______she ______ after supper.

  3. When he came back home, it was eleven o’clock. (变为同义句)

    He ______ come back home _____ 11:00

  4. My mother bought a T-shirt for my brother. (变为同义句)

    My mother ______ my brother a ______.

  5. could, you, to, lie, how, me, Mary (连词成句)

    _______________________________________

 

Unit8 Topic1

()重点词组:

1.  in summer/fall/spring/winter在夏天/秋天/冬天 

2.  make a snowman/snowmen堆雪人

3.  take a walk=have a walk散步

4.  In most of China 在中国的大部分地区 most :大部分的

5.  later on 后来,以后

6.  be different from….…..不同

7.  come back to life 苏醒,复苏,复活

()重要句型:

1. 询问天气的两个句型:What’s the weather like?/How is the weather?

2. It’s a good time/season to do sth=It’s a good time for sth/doing sth

是做什么事的好时候或好季节

It’s a good time for sb to do sth 是某人做什么事的好时候

e.g It’s a good time/season to swim

3.  --Why?

--Because……why引导的句子,回答一定要用because

4.  learn to do sth. 学做某事

e.g She is learning to dance.

5.  Which season do you like best?=What’s your favorite season?

6.  询问温度:  What’s the temperature?

The low / high temperature is….

The temperature is from…to…

The temperature is between…and…

7.  had better do sth. 最好做某事  had better 最好   had缩写’d

否定形式: had better not do sth.

e.g The temperature is high outside. You’d better not go out.

8.  remember to do sth. 记得去做某事(实际动作还未发生)

remember doing sth. 记得做过某事(实际动作已经发生)

e.g  You must remember to close the door.你一定要记得关门(门还没有关)

        He remembered  closing  the door. 他记得关过门了(门已经关上了)

9. be busy doing sth  忙于做某事

e.g He is busy reading.

be busy with sth 忙于…..

e.g They are busy with housework.

()重要单词总结讲解:

1. 表示天气的形容词

rain------rainy   cloud------cloudy    snow-----snowy   wind----windy   sun----sunny   fog----foggy

 2. wear, be in put on

wear穿着,戴着,强调状态,用一般现在时表示经常状态,用现在进行时

表示暂时状态.

be in 表示穿着的状态

e.g We wear our raincoat on a rainy day.(经常状态)

       Is she wearing red clothes? (暂时状态)

       The girl in pink is my sister.

Put on 穿上,戴上,强调动作

e.g She put on a red coat and went out.

e.g Most students are not here.

3. sunglasses/shorts/shoes/pants这些词通常都用复数形式

4. get warm 变暖和, get是系动词,后加形容词, 类似的还有get cold; get fat 

e.g The weather gets hot in summer.

 5.  rain heavily   heavy rain   snow heavily   heavy  snow

strong wind    e.g  The wind blows strongly.

6.  last: v. 延续   e.g The meeting lasts for an hour.

     adi.上一个的, 最近的   last Tuesday

()典型例题:

1        单项选择

(1)---Would you like to play soccer with me tomorrow?

---I’m not sure. I will clean my room_____ it’s sunny tomorrow.

A. which     B. if      C. that

(2)---It’s raining harder. Let’s stand under that big tree.

     ---______It’s very dangerous to do so in such weather.

A. Let’s go   B. You’d better not    C. all right

(3)---How long______ the meeting______ yesterday?

    ---About two hours.

      A. did; have   B. did; last    C. does; lasts    D. does; has

(4) When Spring Festival comes, people in China_______ presents for

their good friends.

A. is busy to buy   B. are busy to buy  

C. is busy buying   D. are busy buying

(5) It’s _______,and we can make a snowman.

    A. warm   B. rainy   C. windy     D. snowy

(6) You’d better________ football on the street.  It’s very dangerous.

    A. play    B. to play  C. not to play   D. not play

(7) It’s too hot, you need ______sunglasses, T-shirts and shorts.

    A. wear   B. to wear   C. put on   D. to put on

(8) It’s fall now.  It’s _______

    A. windy and sun   B. wind and warm 

C. cool and windy   D. sun and warm

2 句型转换

 (1). Sometimes it rains heavily. (同义句转换)

There is sometimes______ _______.

(2). Maria likes winter best.(对划线部分提问)

     ______ ______is Maria’s_______?

(3). How was the weather in Hebei?(同义句转换)

    _____ ______ the weather______in Hebei?

(4). The lowest temperature is-10 C in Beijing today.(对划线部分提问)

______ _______the lowest temperature in Beijing today?

(5). In China, spring comes in March and goes on to May. (同义句转换)

In China, spring_____ ______March______May.

(6). It was nice and bright yesterday. (对划线部分提问)

______ _______the weather_______ yesterday?

3. 用括号内所给词的适当形式填空

(1). It’s_____(sun) today.

(2). The sun shines _____(bright)

(3). He_____(wear) glasses all day.

(4). It______(snow)heavily  yesterday.

(5). The famers are all busy______(get) ready for the next year.

(6). The weather in most______(part) of China is hot in Summer.

(7). Saying a thing is very______(difference)from doing it

4. 根据题意写出单词

 (1). We feel very nice. It is not too cold and not too hot. It is w______.

 (2). We can see the sun in the sky. It is always shining brightly. We usually wear light clothes such as skirt, T-shirt and so on. It is very h______.

(3). There is much wind. But we don’t feel cold. It is very______.

(4). The temperature is low. It is often snows. It is very______.

Unit 8 Topic 2

(一)     重点词语

1. the summer / winter holiday 暑假;寒假

2. talk about 谈论到,谈及

3. holiday plans 假日计划

4. want to go 想去

want to do sth = would like to do sth 想做某事

hope to do sth 希望做某事      

plan to do sth 计划做某事

5. around the country 环绕国家

6. take pictures / photos of 照相

7. pass something to somebody 传递某物给某人

8. places of interest 名胜古迹

9. celebrate something with somebody 和某人一起庆祝某事

10. get together with somebody 和某人聚会在一起

11. go on a trip去旅游             go for a holiday 去度假

be on holiday = go on holiday 在度假           

12. have a good time = have a great time = have a wonderful time

= have a nice time = have fun

玩得很高兴

13.the Spring City 春城

14. all the year round 全年

15. the best time 最佳时间

16. enter someone’s home 进入某人家里

17. take off your shoes 脱鞋子

18. go out 出去          go back 回去

19. point to 指着

20. eat with your left hand 用左手吃东西

21. Muslin countries 穆斯林国家

22. touch sb. on someplace 触摸某人的某个部位

23. make the OK sign 做个好了的手势

24. arrive on time 按时到达

25. a little late晚一点

26. had better do sth 最好做某事

   had better not do sth 最好不做某事

27. a pair of sunglasses 一副太阳镜

28. and so on 等等

(二)重点句型

1. The summer holidays are coming. 暑假要来了。

2. I hope to get together with them. 我希望和他们在一起。

3. Each of us has a good plan for the holidays.

我们每个人都有一个很好的假期计划。

4. Can you tell me something about Yunnan?

你能告诉我一些云南的事情么?

5. It sounds really interesting and exciting. 它听起来相当有趣和令人激动。

6. Different countries have different customs. 不同的国家有不同的风俗。

7. You shouldn’t eat with your left hand. 你不能用左手吃东西。

8. You mustn’t point to anything with your foot. 你千万不要用脚指东西。

9. Guess what I bought for you! 猜猜我为你买了什么!

10.I hope you all have a good time. 我希望你们每个人都能过得愉快

()重点语法

一)一般过去时的特殊疑问句:

1. How was you trip? ---It was wonderful.

2. How did you travel there? ---By train.

3. How long were you there? ---Only five days.

4.-- Did you visit any places of interest?

 --Yes, we visited Mount Emei and Jiuzhaigou.

二)情态动词shouldshouldn’t的用法:

1. What places should I visit in Yunnan?

2. You should visit Dali and Lijiang and you shouldn’t miss Xishuangbanna.

3. When you enter someone’s home, you should take off your shoes.

(四)交际用语:谈论旅游和风俗

1. Where do you want to go ?

2. Who would you like to travel with?

3. How was your trip? --It was wonderful.

4. What’s the best time to go there?

5. How did you travel there? --By train.

6. How long were you there? --Only five days.

7. Different countries have different customs.

8. When you travel in other countries, you’d better know the customs of

those countries.

 

(五)典型练习题

一)词组互译:

1.脱下___________                                          

2. 不同的国家_________      

3.指着某物________                                     

4. … …不同________      

5. The customs of those countries________                      

6. go out with their hair wet ________      

7. mustn’t =                汉意________                     

8. places  of  interest ______    

9. shouldn’t=                    汉意______                

10. passs  sth  to  sb_____

) should \shouldn’t 填空

1 . It’s hot today, you ______take more clothes.

2. It’s seven o’clock ,  we______ go  to  school.

3. There are more and more clouds, you ______ take an umbrella.

4. If you go to Yunnan , you _____miss Lijiang.

5. When you travel in other countries, you_________ know the customs of these countries.

6. In Japan, when you enter someone’s home, you_________ take off your shoes.

 ) 根据句意及首字母提示填空。

1. Mrs. White e________ the room quietly, because her baby was sleeping.

2. Tom wants to go for a holiday in I________.

3. I took some photos of my family with my c________.

4. I got a lot of g________ from my friends on my birthday party.

5. Don’t t________ anything when you visit a factory, or it will be dangerous.

() 根据句意及所给出的汉语意思填空。

1. The Palace Museum in Beijing is a famous ________ ________ ________

(名胜).

2. I think you can go ________(任何时候).

3. I don’t like ________(潮湿的)weather.

4. Many people is Sichuan like ________ ________(辣的食物)very much.

5. They ________ ________ ________ ________(玩得愉快)in the Summer Palace last Sunday.

6. I hope to ________ _______ ________(与团聚) my old friends.

7. Different countries have _______ ________ (不同的风俗习惯)

8. My bag is ________ ________ ________.(不同于你的)

9. The rain stopped. Please ________ ________(脱下) your raincoat.

 

Unit 8 Topic 3

㈠短语总结

1.      春节 Spring Festival

2.      元宵节 Lantern Festival

3.      除夕之夜 New Year’s Eve

4.      母亲节 Mother’s Day

5.      教师节 Teachers’ Day

6.      中秋节 Mid-autumn Festival

7.      愚人节 April Fool’s Day

8.      吃饺子 eat dumplings

9.      包饺子 make dumplings

10.  表演舞龙舞狮 perform lion and dragon dances

11.  在许多国家 in many countries

12.  互赠礼物 give each other presents/ give presents to each other

13.  在这一天 on this day

14.  吃元宵 eat sweet dumplings

15.  好运 good luck

16.  看灯展 watch a lantern show

17.  猜灯谜 guess riddles

18.  团聚 get together

19.  睡觉 go to bed

20.  知道 not…until

21.  在午夜 at midnight

22.  迎接新年 welcome the new year

23.  复活 come back to life

24.  开某人的玩笑 play tricks on sb.

25.  互相,彼此 each other

26.  举行聚会 have a party/ have parties

27.  向某人表达爱意 show love to sb.

28.  给某人看某物 show sth to sb./ show sb. sth

29.  做准备 prepare for sth

30.  打扫房子 clean the house

31.  去购物 go shopping

32.  装饰 decorate sth with sth

33.  彩灯 colorful lights

34.  在平安夜 on Christmas Eve

35.  去做礼拜 go to church

36.  唱圣诞歌 sing Christmas songs

37.  挂起来 put up

38.  在火炉旁边 by the fireplaces

39.  早起 get up early

40.  家庭聚会 have a family get-together

41.  互相问候 greet each other

42.  一件大事 a big event

43.  开始做某事 begin/ start to do sth ; begin/ start doing sth

44.  全家 the whole family

45.  守夜,熬夜 stay up

46.  农历新年 the lunar new year

47.  压岁钱 lucky/ gift money

48.  敲门 knock at/ on the door

49.  对某人大喊 shout to/ at sb.

50.  五一劳动节 May Day / International Labor Day

51.  一个七天的假期 a seven-day holiday

52.  去旅游 go traveling

53.  端午节 Dragon Boat Festival

54.  举行龙舟比赛 hold dragon boat races

55.  在许多地方 in many places

56.  吃粽子 eat rice dumplings

57.  国庆节 National Day

58.  全国 the whole country

59.  的首都/ 省会 the capital of …

60.  看升旗仪式 watch the national flag go up

61.  赏月 enjoy the bright full moon

62.  恶作剧还是请客 trick or treat

63.  在墙上 on the wall


㈡重要句型

1. They often eat turkey and Christmas cakes and give each other presents.

= give presents to each other

give sb. sth = give sth to sb.

类似的有:lend, send, bring, pass, take

E.g.: I lent my bike to her. = I lent her my bike.

send sb. sth =sent sth to sb. 送给某人某物

bring sb. sth = bring sth to sb. 给某人带来某物

take sb. sth = take sth to sb. 给某人带走某物

2. It means the end of Spring Festival. 它意味着春节的结束。

the end of …的末端 at the end of …的末端(时间和空间); by the end of 末端为止

E.g. Mr. Wang lives at the end of Elm Road.

Children put up stockings at the end of their beds.

We can finish the work by the end of the year.

3. not…until直到

E.g. He came back after 12o’clock last night. (not…until改写)

He didn’t come back until 12 o’clock.

4.      prepare for sth 为某事做好准备=get sth ready ,其宾语为所准备的直接内容

E.g They are preparing for the party this evening.

The students are preparing for the exams.

5.      go to church 去教堂做礼拜; go to the church去教堂

go to school 去上学;go to the school 去学校

go to hospital去看病;go to the hospital去医院

6.      start/ begin to do sth; start/ begin doing sth

E.g. He started/ began to study English six years ago.

He started/ began singing.

7.      The whole family gets together for a big dinner.

the whole +单数名词(集体名词) = all the +名词
E.g The whole class is here. = All the class are here.

The whole world likes football.

8.      watch sb. / sth do 看见某人/物做某事,表示动作的结果 (全过程)

watch sb./ sth doing看见某人/物正在做某事,表示动作正在进行

类似的有: hear, see

E.g. I hear someone singing in the next room.

I often hear him shout to others.

I see an old man selling books in the street.

I sometimes see them play basketball on the playground.


㈢易错题

一)翻译句子

1. 春节在中国是最重要的节日。

_____________________________________________________

2. 哪天晚些时候,他去购物。

_____________________________________________________

3.      他们正忙于为母亲准备礼物。

 ____________________________________________________

4.      昨天他们用彩灯和彩球装饰了圣诞树。

_____________________________________________________

5.      玛利亚经常在星期天去做礼拜。

_____________________________________________________

6.      全家人聚在一起吃一顿大餐。

_____________________________________________________

7.      在中国庆祝春节是一件大事。

_____________________________________________________

8.      在许多地方人们举行龙舟比赛。

_____________________________________________________

9.      他是一位70岁的老人。

_____________________________________________________

10.  他们常常在天安门广场观看升国旗。

_____________________________________________________

二)用所给词的正确形式填空

1. On New Year’s Eve, people have ________(party)

2. The boy _________ (not go) to bed until the TV said goodbye.

3. He enjoys ______ (play) tricks on his friends.

4. We should _______ (show) our love to our parents and teachers.

5. Let’s _______(give) the flowers to our teacher.

6. ________(celebrate) National Day is a big event.

7. We are busy __________ (prepare) for the 29th Olympic Games.

8. In China, children always greet their parents for _______( luck) money.

9. Yesterday evening, she ______ (wear) a beautiful dress at the party.

10. Many people go to Tian’an Men Square to watch the national flag ________

(go) up.

11. She isn’t reading. She ________(write).

12. Jack _____(go) to school at 7:00 every day.

13. He _____(do) his homework at home yesterday.

14. Can she ______(speak) English?

15. What about ______(go) hiking?

三)用正确的介词填空

1. People show their love to their parents ________ giving gifts on Mother’s Day.

2. People eat mooncakes ______ Mid-autumn Day.

3. _______that day, families get together for a big dinner.

4. Students give cards or flowers _____ their teachers on Teachers’ Day.

5. Children put up stockings ______ the end of their beds.

6. Spring Festival is ______ January or February.

7. Each of us has a good plan _____ the holidays.

8. You should take off your shoes in Japan ______ entering someone’s home.

9. We often sit ______ the fireplaces in winter.

10. They decorate the Christmas ______ colorful lights.

四)句型转换

1. It’s October 6th today. (对划线部分提问)

_____________________________________________________

2. I was born on December 20th, 1977. (对划线部分提问)

_____________________________________________________

3. I think boys like balls. (否定句)

_____________________________________________________

4. The English Learning Machine is a rectangle. (对划线部分提问)

_____________________________________________________

5. Last year, my mother bought a new bike for me. (同义句)

_____________________________________________________

6. What’s the weather like in Beijing in spring? (同义句)

_____________________________________________________

7. Which season do you like best, spring, summer or fall? (同义句)

_____________________________________________________

8. You should put on a warm coat when you go out. (否定句)

_____________________________________________________

9. I went to Sichuan for holidays last year. (改为一般疑问句)

_____________________________________________________

10.The book is about 20 centimeters wide. (对划线部分提问)

_____________________________________________________

11. He is doing his homework at the moment. (a moment ago改写句子)

_____________________________________________________

12.  What was the matter with your bike? (同义句)

_____________________________________________________

 

三种时态小聚会

be动词的一般现在时的句式:

肯定句式:主语+be动词+其他。

否定句式:主语+be动词+not+其他。

一般疑问句式:be动词+主语+其他?

特殊疑问句式:特殊疑问词+be动词+主语+其他?

谓语是实义动词的一般现在时的句式:

肯定句式:主语+动词原形+其他。

否定句式:主语+don’t/doesn’t+动词原形+其他。

一般疑问句式:do/does+主语+动词原形+其他?

特殊疑问句式:特殊疑问词+do/does+主语+动词原形+其他?

注:当主语是第三人称单数时,一般要在动词原形后加-s-es

现在进行时的句式:

肯定句式:主语+be动词+现在分词+其他。

否定句式:主语+be动词+not+现在分词+其他。

一般疑问句式:be动词+主语+现在分词+其他?

特殊疑问句式:特殊疑问词+be动词+主语+现在分词+其他?

含动词be的一般过去时的句式:

肯定句式:主语+be动词(was/were)+其他。

否定句式:主语+be动词(was/were)+not+其他。

一般疑问句式:be动词(was/were)+主语+其他?

特殊疑问句式:特殊疑问词+be动词(was/were)+主语+其他?

含行为动词的一般过去时的句式:

肯定句式:主语+动词的过去式+其他。

否定句式:主语+didn’t+动词原形+其他。

一般疑问句式:did+主语+动词原形+其他?

特殊疑问句式:特殊疑问词+did+主语+动词原形+其他?

温馨提示:辨析一般现在时和一般过去时,一定要认真看清时间状语。

 

 

意义

常用时间状语

构成

一般疑问式

否定式

提问谓语

一般现在时

表示经常性、习惯性的动作或状态

often ,always , every day

①系动词am ,is ,are+表语;

②谓语为行为动词原形或第三人称单数形式

be动词放在主语前;

②主语前加dodoes

be动词后加not

②动词前加don’tdoesn’t(动词还原)

What do/does+主语+do…?如:What does she do on Saturday?

现在进行时

表示现阶段正在发生的动作或存在的状态

now等;

look ,listen等提示词

be动词(am ,is ,are)+V—ing

be动词置于主语前

be动词后加not

What is/are+主语+V-ing…?如:What are you doing now?

 

一般过去时

表示过去一段时间发生的动作或存在的状态

yesterday ,last year/week/month;

a moment ago ,just now

①系动词was ,were+表语;

②谓语为行为动词的过去式

was ,were 放在主语前;

②主语前加did

was ,were +not;

②动词前加didn’t

What did+主语+do…?如:What did you do last night?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

七年级英语下册词组大考查

1.乘地铁                2.步行,走路            3.乘飞机

4.笨鸟先飞                                     5.做家庭作业

6.稍作休息                 7.打篮球            8.去游泳

9.弹吉他                10.做运动             11.多久一次

12.一会儿               13.学习必须放在第一位

14.喜欢作某事                                 15.看电视

16.看书            17.看电影             18.看黑板

 

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