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2015学年上学期广州五中高一英语测试题 附答案         ★★★
2015学年上学期广州五中高一英语测试题 附答案
作者:佚名 文章来源:网络 点击数: 更新时间:2015-9-4 21:55:02

第一部分   听力(共两节,满分30分)略
    做题时,现将答案标在试卷上,录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。
第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)(略)
听下面5段对话,每段对话后有一个小题。从题中所给的A,B,C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
例: How much is the shirt?
A.£ 19.15               B.£ 9.18                C.£ 9.15
答案是C。
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分60分)
第一节 (共15小题;每小题3分,满分45分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
Monthly Talks at London Canal Museum
    Our monthly talks start at 19:30 on the first Thursday of each month except August. Admission is at normal charges and you don’t need to book. They end around 21:00.
November 7th
The Canal Pioneers, by Chris Lewis. James Brindley is recognized as one of the leading ear ly canal engineers. He was also a major player in training others in the art of canal planning and building. Chris Lewis will explain how Brindley made such a positive contribution to the education of that group of early “civil engineers”.
December 5th
Ice for the Metropolis, by Malcolm Tucker. Well before the arrival of freezers, there was a demand for ice for food preservation and catering, Malcolm will explain the history of importing natural ice and the technology of building ice wells, and how London’s ice trade grew.
February 6th
An Update on the Cotsword Canals, by Liz Payne. The Stroudwater Canal is moving towards reopening. The Thames and Severn Canal will take a little longer. We will have a report on the present state of play.
March 6th
Eyots and Aits- Thames Islands, by Miranda Vickers. The Thames had many islands. Miranda has undertaken a review of all of them. She will tell us about those of greatest interest.
Online bookings:www.canalmuseum.org.uk/book
More into:www.canalmuseum.org.uk/whatson
London Canal Museum
12-13 New Wharf Road, London NI 9RT
www.canalmuseum.org.ukwww.canalmuseum.mobi
                  Tel:020 77130836
1. When is the talk on James Brindley?
A. February 6th.
B. March 6th.
C. November 7th.
D. December 5th.
2.  What is the topic of the talk in February?
A. The Canal Pioneers.
B. Ice for the Metropolis
C. Eyots and Aits- Thames Islands
D. An Update on the Cotsword Canals
3.  Who will give the talk on the islands in the Thames.
A. Miranda Vickers
B. Malcolm Tucker
C. Chris Lewis
D. Liz Payne
 
B
The freezing Northeast hasn’t been a terribly fun place to spend time this winter, so when the chance came for a weekend to Sarasota, Florida, my bags were packed before you could say “sunshine”. I left for the land of warmth and vitamin C(维生素C), thinking of beaches and orange trees. When we touched down to blue skies and warm air, I sent up a small prayer of gratefulness. Swimming pools, wine tasting, and pink sunsets(at normal evening hours, not 4 in the afternoon) filled the weekend, but the best part- particu larly to my taste, dulled by months of cold- weather root vegetables- was a 7 a.m. adventure to the Sarasota farmers’ market that proved to be more than worth the early wake-up call.
 The market, which was founded in 1979, sets up its tents every Saturday from 7:00 am to 1 p.m, rain or shine, along North Lemon and State streets. Baskets of perfect red strawberries, the red-painted sides of the Java Dawg coffee truck; and most of all, the tomatoes: amazing, large, soft and round red tomatoes.
Disappointed by many a broken, vine-ripened(蔓上成熟的) promise, I’ve refused to buy winter tomatoes for years. No matter how attractive they look in the store, once I get them home they’re unfailingly dry, hard, and tasteless. But I homed in, with uncerta inty, on one particular table at the Brown’s Grove Farm’s stand, full of fresh and soft tomatoes the size of my fist. These were the real deal- and at that moment, I realized that the best part of Sarasota in winter was going to be eating things that back home in New York I wouldn’t be experiencing again for months.
 Delighted as I was by the tomatoes in sight, my happiness deepened when I learned that Brown’s Grove Farm is one of the suppliers for Jack Dusty, a newly opened restaurant at the Sarasota Ritz Carlton, where- luckily for me- I was planning to have dinner that very night. Without even seeing the menu, I knew I’d be ordering every tomato on it.
4.  What did the author think of her winter life in New York?
A. Exciting.   B. Boring.   C. Relaxing.    D. Annoying.
5. What made the author’s getting up late early worthwhile?
A. Having a swim.
B. Breathing in fresh air.
C. Walking in the mo rning sun.
D. Visiting a local farmer’s market.
6.  What can we learn about tomatoes sold in New York in winter?
A. They are soft.
B. They look nice.
C. They taste great.
D. They are juicy.
7.  What was the author going to that evening?
A. Go to a farm.
B. Check into a hotel.
C. Eat in  a restaurant.
D. Buy fresh vegetable
C
Salvador Dali (1904-1989) was one of the most popular of modern artists. The Pompidou Centre in Paris is showing its respect and admiration for the artist and his powerful personality with an exhibition bringing together over 200 paintings, sculptures, drawings and more. Among the works and masterworks on exhibition the visitor will find the best pieces, most importantly The Persistence of Memory. There is also L’Enigme sans Fin from 1938, works on paper, objects, and projects for stage and screen and selected parts from television programmes reflecting the artist’s showman qualities.
The visitor will enter the World of Dali through an egg and is met with the beginning, the world of birth. The exhibition follows a path of time and subject with the visitor exiting through the brain.
The exhibition shows how Dali draws the viewer between two infinities (无限). “From the infinity small to the infinity large, contraction and expansion coming in a nd out of focus: amazing Flemish accuracy and the showy Baroque of old painting that he used in his museum-theatre in Figueras,” explains the Pompidou Centre.
The fine selection of the major works was done in close collaboration (合作)with the Museo Nacional Reina Sofia in Madrid, Spain, and with contributions from other institutions like the Salvador Dali Museum in St. Petersburg.
8.  Which of the following best describe Dali according to Paragraph 1?
A. Optimistic.     B. Productive      C. Generous.      D. Traditional.
9.  What is Dali’s The Persistence of Memory considered to be?
   A. One of his masterworks.
   B. A successful screen adaptation.[来源:学科网]
   C. An artistic creation for the stage.
   D. One of the beat TV programmes.
10.  How are the exhibits arranged at the World of Dali?
A. By popularity.
B. By importance.
C. By size and shape.
D. By time and subject.
11.  What does th e word “contributions” in the last paragraph refer to?
   A. Artworks.    B. Projects.       C. Donations.       D. Documents.
D
Conflict is on the menu tonight at the café La Chope. This evening, as on every Thursday night, psychologist Maud Lehanne is leading two of France’s favorite pastimes, coffee drinking and the “talking cure”. Here they are learning to get in touch with their true feelings. It isn’t always easy. They customers-some thirty Parisians who pay just under $2 (plus drinks) per session-care quick to intellectualize (高谈阔论),slow to open up and connect. “You are forbidden to say ‘one feels,’ or ‘people think’,”Lehane told them. “Say ‘I think,’ ‘Think me’.”
A café society where no intellectualizing is allowed? It couldn’t seem more un-French. But Lehanne’s psychology café is about more than knowing oneself: It’s trying to help the city’s troubled neighborhood cafes. Over the years, Parisian cafes have fallen victim to changes in the French lifestyle-longer working hours, a fast food boom and a younger generation’s desire to spend more time at home. Dozens of new theme cafes appear to change the situation. Cafes focused around psychology, history, and engineering are catching on, filling tables well into the evening.
   The city’s psychology cafes, which offer great comfort, are among the most popular places. Middle-aged homemakers, retirees, and the unemployed come to such cafes to talk about lover, anger, and dreams with a psychologist. And they come to Lehance’s group just to learn to say what they feel. There’s a strong need in Paris for communication, says Maurice Frisch, a cafe La Chope regular who works as religious instructor in a nearby church. “People have few real friends. And they need to open up” Lehanne says she’d like to see psychology cafes all over France. “If people had normal lives, these cafes would’t exist”, she says,”If life weren’t  a battle, people wouln’t need a special place just to speak.” But them, it wouldn’t be France.
12. What are people encouraged to do at the cafe La Chope?
A. Learn a new subject
B. Keep in touch with friends.
C. Show off their knowledge.
D. Express their true feelings.
13.  How are cafes affected by French lifestyle changes?
A. They are less frequently visited.
B. They stay open for longer hours.
C. They have bigger night crowds.
D. They start to serve fast food.
14. What are theme cafes expected to do?
A. Create more jobs.
B. Supply better drinks.
C. Save the cafe business.
D. Serve the neighborhood.
15.  Why are psychology cafes becoming popular in Paris?
A. They bring people true friendship.
B. They give people spiritual support.
C. They help people realize their dreams.
D. They offer a platform for business links.
第二节 (共5小题,每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。
Building Trust in a Relationship Again
Trust is a learned behavior that we gain from past experiences, 16 .That is a risk. But you can’t be successful when there’s a lack of trust in a relationship that results from an action where the wrongdoer takes no responsibility to fix the mistake.
Unfortunately, we’ve all been victims of betrayal. Whether we’ve been suffer from, lied to , misled, or cheated on, there are different levels of losing trust. Sometimes people simply can’t trust anymore, 17.  It’s understandable, but if you’re willing to build trust in a relationship again, we have some steps you can take to get you there.
 18  having confidence in yourself will help you make better choices because you can see what the best outcome would be for your well-being.
 19  If you’ve been betrayed, you are the victim of your circumstance. But there’s a difference between being a victim and living with a “victim mentality”. At some point in all of our lives, we’ll have our trust tested or violated.
 You didn’t lose “everything”. Once trust is lost, what is left? Instead of looking at the situation from this hopeless angle, look at everything you still have and be thankful for all of the good in your life. 20 instead, it’s a healthy way to work through the experience to allow room for positive growth and forgiveness.
A. Learn to really trust yourself.
B. It is putting confidence in someone.
C. Stop regarding yourself as the victim.
D. Remember that you can expect the best in return.
E. They’ve been too badly hurt and they can’t bear to let it happen again.
F. This knowledge carries over in their attitude toward their future relationships.
G. Seeing the p ositive side of things doesn’t mean you’re ignoring what happened.
第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分45)
第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题15分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
My kids and I were heading into the supermarket over the weekend. On the way ,we spotted a man holding a piece of paper that said, “ __21___ my job. Family to Feed.”
At this store, a __22___ like this is not normal. My 10-year-old noticed him and make a __23____ on how bad it must be to have to stand ___24____ in the cold wind.[来源:Zxxk.Com]
In the store, I asked each of my kids to __25___ something they thought our “friend” there would ___26___. They got apples, a sandwich and a bottle of juice. Then my 17-year-old suggested giving him a ___27____. I thought about it. We were ___28__ on cash ourselves, but… well, sometimes __29___ from our need instead of our abundance is ___30__ what we need to do! All the kids __31____ something they could do away with for the week.
When we handed him the bag of __32__, he lit up and thanked us with ___33__ eyes. When I handed him the gift card, saying he could use it for __34____his family might need, he burst into tears.
This has been a wonderful ___35__ for our family. For days the kids have been looking for others we can _36___! Things would have played out so __37____ if I had simply said, “No, we really don’t have ___38___ to give more.” Stepping out not only helped a brother in __39___, it also gave my kids the __40____ taste of helping others. It’ll go a long way with them.
21.  A. Lost B. Changed C. Quit D. Finished
22.  A condition B. place C. sight D. show
23.  A. suggestion B. comment C. decision D. call
24. A. outside B. proudly C. by D. angrily
25.  A. draw B. say C. arrange D. pick
26.  A. order B. supply C. appreciate D. discover
27.  A. dollar B. job C. hot meal D. gift card
28.  A. easy    B. low C. soft D. loose
29.  A. giving B. saving C. spending D. begging
30.  A. yet B. even C. still D. just
31.  A. declared B. shared C. ignored D. expected
32.  A . toys B. medicine C. food D. clothes
33.  A. sleepy B. watery C. curious D. sharp
34.  A. whoever B. whatever C. whichever D. whenever
35.  A. experience B. example C. message D. adventure
36.  A. rely on B. respect C. learn from D. help
37.  A. suddenly B. vividly C. differently D. perfectly
38. A. time B. power C. patience D. money
39.  A. fear B. love C. need D. memory
40.  A. strong B. sweet C. strange D. simple
第II卷
第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节  满分55)
第二节  阅读下面材料,用不多于1个单词的正确形式填空
Yangshuo, China
It was raining lightly when I__41__(arrive) in Yangshuo just before dawn. But I didn’t care. A few hours__42__, I’d been at home in Hong Kong, with __43_(it) choking smog. Here, the air was clean and fresh, even with the rain.
I’d skipped nearby Guilin, a dream place for tourists seeking the limestone mountain tops and dark waters of the Li River_44__are pictured by artists in so many Chinese _45__(painting). Instead, I ‘d head straight for Yangshuo. For those who fly to Guilin, it’s only an hour away__46_ car and offers all the scenery of the better-known city.
Yangshuo__47__(be) really beautiful. A study of travelers_48__(conduct) by the website Trip Advisor names Yangshuo as one of the top 10 destinations in the world. And the town is fast becoming a popular weekend destination for people in Asia. Abercrombie & Kent, a travel company in Hong Kong, says it__49_(regular) arranges quick getaways here for people_50__(live) in Shanghai and Hong Kong.
第四部分 写作  (共两节  满分35)
第一节 短文改错(10分)
When I was a child, I hoped to live in the city. I think I would be happy there. Now I am living in a city ,but I miss my home in countryside. There the air is clean or the mountains are green. Unfortunately, on the development of industrialization, the environment has been polluted. Lots of studies have been shown that global warming has already become a very seriously problem. The airs we breathe in is getting dirtier and dirtier. Much rare animals are dying out . We must found ways to protect your environment. If we fail to do so ,we’ll live to regret it .
第二节 书面表达
 假定你是李华,你校英文报“外国文化”栏目拟刊登美国节日风俗和中学生生活的短文。请给美国朋友彼得写信约稿,要点如下:
1. 栏目介绍。
2. 稿件内容;
3. 稿件长度:约400词汇
4. 交稿日期:6月28日前天
注意:
1. 词数100左右;
2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯的;
3. 开头语已为你写好。


【参考答案】
Dear Peter,
I'd like to ask you to write an article for our school’s English newspaper.
The “Foreign Cultures” section in our newspaper is very popular among us students. It carries articles written by foreign friends about the cultures of their home countries. Would you please write something about the culture in your part of the United States? And we would especially welcome articles about how Americans spend their holidays and festivals, and the life of American high school students. You can write anything relevant so long as it’s interesting and informative. 400 words would be fine. Could we have your article before June 28?
I’m looking forward to hearing from you.
Yours,
Li Hua
【解析】
试题分析:本篇书面表达属于英文书信,根据提示信息要求给美国朋友彼得写信约稿,内容是美国节日风俗和中学生生活。写作时注意以下几点:1、仔细阅读有关提示,弄清试题提供的所有信息,明确三个要点:首先,简单介绍校英文报栏目的情况。2、建议Peter介绍美国节日风俗和中学生生活。3、稿件的要求及时间。写作时根据要表达的内容确定句子的时态、语态;就本文而言应该用一般现在时态。 4.注意使用高级词汇和句式,以增加文章的亮点。
【亮点说明】本文结构紧凑,层次分明,而且使用了多种句式和结构。比如It carries articles written by foreign friends about the cultures of their home countries.运用了过去分词作后置定语, And we would especially welcome articles about how Americans spend their holidays and festivals, and the life of American high school students.运用了宾语从句。此外,文章还使用了大量习语和短语,如be popular among, so long as,look forward to , hear from等。
考点:考查提纲作文。

答案
1. C细节理解题。根据文章第二段第二句James Brindley is recognized as one of the leading early canal engineers.所对应的日期November 7th.。故选C。
2. D 细节理解题。根据文章第四段February 6th中的第一句An Update on the Cotsword Canals, by Liz Payne. The Stroudwater Canal is moving towards reopening.可以得出答案。故选D。
3. A 细节理解题。根据文章第五段第一句Eyots and Aits- Thames Islands, by Miranda Vickers.可以知道做报告的人是Mirands Vickets。故选A。
考点:广告布告类短文阅读 
 
4. B推理判断题。根据文章第一段第一句The freezing Northeast hasn’t been a terribly fun place to spend time this wint er,可以推测出作者在纽约冬天的生活是令人厌烦的。故选B。
5. D 细节理解题。根据文章第一段最后一句dulled by months of cold- weather root vegetables- was a 7 a.m. adventure to the Sarasota farmers’ market that proved to be more than worth the early wake-up call.可知作者早上7点到农产品市场是有意义的。可知选D。
6. B 推理判断题。根据文章第三段第二句No matter how attractive they look in the store, once I get them home they’re unfailingly dry, hard, and tasteless.可知,纽约的西红柿在商店里看起来是很吸引人的。可知选B。
7. C 推理判断题。根据文章最后一段尤其倒数第一二句可知,作者晚上计划在餐馆吃饭,并且点西红柿。故选C。
考点:记叙类短文阅读 

【答案】
8. B
9. A 
 10. A 细节理解题。根据文章第一段第三句Among the works and masterworks on exhibition the visitor will find the best pieces, most importantly The Persistence of Memory.可知The Persistence of Memory是他的杰作之一。故选A。
11. D 细节理解题。根据文章第二段第二句The exhibition follows a path of time and subject with the visitor exiting through the brain.可知展览是根据时间和主题安排的。故选D。
考点:说明类短文阅读 

【答案】
12. D
13. A 
14. C
15. B 
 33. A 细节理解题。根据文章第二段Over the years, Parisian cafes have fallen victim to changes in the French lifestyle-longer working hours, a fast food boom and a younger generation’s desire to spend more time at home.可知改变了年轻一代更多时间呆在家里。故选A。
34. C 推理判断题。根据第二段Dozens of new theme cafes appear to change the situation.可以得出答案。故选C。
 考点:社会类短文阅读 

【答案】
16. B
17. E
18. A
19. C 
20. G 
 38. A 根据后句having confidence in yourself will help you make better choices because you can see what the best outcome would be for your well-being.可知此段主要讲述要学会信任自己。可知选A。
39. C根据后句If you’ve been betrayed, you are the victim of your circumstance.可知此段主要讲述不要认为自己是受害者。故选C。
40. G根据前一句Instead of looking at the situation from this hopeless angle, look at everything you still have and be thankful for all of the good in your life和后一句instead, it’s a healthy way to work through the experience to allow room for positive growth and forgiveness.可知既要看到事情的积极面,也不要忽视所发生的事情。故选G。
考点:议论类短文阅读 

21.A考查动词以及对语境的理解。A. Lose失去;B. Changed 改变;C. Quit放弃; D. Finished完成。短语lose one’s job失业。在路上,我们注意到一个男人握着一张纸,纸上写到:“失业,需要养家。” 答案选A。
22.C 考查名词以及对语境的理解。A condition状况;B. place地方;C. sight情景; D. show展示。在这家商店,像这样的场景并不正常。选C。
23.B 考查名词以及对语境的理解。A. suggestion建议;B. comment评论;C. decision决定;D. call电话。make a comment on对……发表看法。我10岁的孩子注意到他,并评论说在寒风中站在外面一定很糟糕。故选B。
 
 27.D 考查动名词以及对语境的理解。A. dollar美元;B. job工作;C. hot meal热餐;D. gift card礼物卡。根据下文提示可知,我17岁的孩子建议给他一张礼物卡。选D。
28.B 考查形容词以及对语境的理解。A. easy容易的;B. low低的;C. soft柔软的;D. loose松的。根据下句的意思可知“我们现金不足或缺乏 ”,low意思“少,低”。选B。
29.A 考查动词以 及对语境的理解。A. giving给予;B. saving节省;C. spending 花费;D. begging恳求。我们把我们不充足的东西给予别人,而不是充足的东西,正是我们真正需要去做的。选A。
30.D 考查副词以及对语境的理解。A. yet然而;B. even甚至;C. still任然;D. just刚刚。仅仅是我们需要做的。选D。
31.A 考查动词以及对语境的理解。A. declared宣告;B. shared分享;C. ignored忽视;D. expected期望。所有的孩子声明了他们能够为这个周末放弃自己想要的东西。选A。
32.C  考查名词以及对语境的理解。A . toys玩具;B. medicine药;C. food 食物;D. clothes衣服。根据上文的apples, sandwich and a bottle of juice可知是食物。选C。
33. B 考查形容词以及对语境的理解。A. sleepy瞌睡的;B. watery潮湿的;C. curious好奇的;D. sharp锋利的。带着潮湿的双眼感谢我们。选B。
34.B 考查代词以及对语境的理解。A. whoever无论谁;B. whatever无论什么C. whichever无论哪一个;D. whenever无论什么时候。动词need缺少宾语,故用whatever。他可以给我打电话,无论他的家人需要什么。故选B。
35.A 考查名词以及对语境的理解 。A. experience经历;B. example例子;C. message信息;D. adventure冒险。这对我们家庭是一次极好的经历。选A。
36.D 考查动词及短语以及对语境的理解。A. rely on依靠;B. respect尊敬;C. learn from从……学到;D. help帮助。多少天来,孩子们一直在寻找我们能够帮助的其他人。选D。
37.C 考查副词以及对语境的理解。A. suddenly突然;B. vividly生动地;C. differently 不同地;D. perfectly完美地。事情发生得如此的不同。 选C。
38.D 考查名词以及对语境的理解。A. time时间;B. power权力;C. patience耐心;D. money金钱。我们真的不需要给更多的钱。所以选D。
39.C 考查名词以及对语境的理解。A. fear害怕;B. love爱;C. need需要;D. memory记忆。in need在危难中。走出去不仅仅帮助在危难中的兄弟。选C。
40.B 考查形容词以及对语境的理解。A. strong强壮的;B. sweet甜的;C. strange奇怪的;D. simple简单的。也给予我孩子们帮助他人的甜蜜的滋味。选B。
考点:考查故事类完形填空

语法填空【答案】
41. arrived 
42. before/earlier
43. its
44. that/which
45. paintings [来源:学.科.网Z.X.X.K]
46. by
47. is  
48. conducted   
49. regularly
50. living
【解析】
试题分析:本文是一篇记叙文。文章主要讲述了作者到中国阳朔游玩的经历和感受。
41. arrived  句意:就在天亮之前我到了阳朔,天下着小雨。根据前后句时态可知用一般过去时。
42. before/earlier 句意:几个小时前,我在香港家里。注意不可以用ago。
43. its 句意:带着窒息的烟雾。后面为名词,故用its。
44. that/which 句意:漓江被许多艺术家所绘画。考查定语从句。先行词为Li River,在从句中作主语 .
45. paintings 句意:在如此多的中国绘画中。painting为可数名词,注意用复数形式。
46. by 句意:乘汽车只需要1个小时。by car乘汽车。
47. is 句意:阳朔真的很漂亮。这里用一般现在时。
48. conducted句意:一项网站所进行的调查。过去分词作后置定语,表示被动关系。 
49. regularly 句意:定期为人们安排这里适合旅行的地方。修饰动词,用副词修饰。
50. living 句意:住在上海和香港的人们。现在分词作后置定语。
考点:语法填空。

改错题【答案】
51. think –thought
52. countryside前加the
53. or—and
54. on—with
55. been去掉
56. seriously—serious
57. airs—air   
58. much—many 
59. found—find
60. your—our
【解析】
试题分析:高中即将毕业了,有一些体会和同学们分享。1.感谢老师,家长和朋友们;2.致歉于我曾经误会伤害的人;3.祝福同学们心想事成。
51. think –thought句意:我认为在在那儿很快乐。时态用法错误。这里用一般过去时,表示“过去认为”
52. countryside前加the 句意:但是我想念农村的家乡。这里countryside是特指,故用定冠词the。
53. or—and句意:那里山绿并且空气新鲜。连词用法错误。前后句为并列关系,故用连词and。
54. on—with句意:随着工业化的发展。短语搭配错误。短语with the development of随着……的发展。
55. been去掉 句意:许多研究表明。主语与动词为主动关系,这里不需要用被动语态。
56. seriously—serious句意:全球变暖已经成为严重的问题。词性用法错误。修饰名词,前面用形容词修饰。
57. airs—air 句意:我们呼吸的空气变得越来越脏。名词用法错误。名词air为不可数名词。
58. much—many句意:许多罕见的动物已经消失。名词animal为可数名词,故用many修饰。  
59. found—find句意:我们必须找到方法来保护我们的地球。动词用法错误。情态动词must后接动词原形。
60. your—our句意:我们必须找到方法来保护我们的地球。代词用法错误。这里应当是保护我们的环境。
考点:短文改错。


写作参考答案
Dear Peter,
I'd like to ask you to write an article for our school’s English newspaper.
The “Foreign Cultures” section in our newspaper is very popular among us students. It carries articles written by foreign friends about the cultures of their home countries. Would you please write something about the culture in your part of the United States? And we would especially welcome articles about how Americans spend their holidays and festivals, and the life of American high school students. You can write anything relevant so long as it’s interesting and informative. 400 words would be fine. Could we have your article before June 28?
I’m looking forward to hearing from you.
Yours,
Li Hua
【解析】
试题分析:本篇书面表达属于英文书信,根据提示信息要求给美国朋友彼得写信约稿,内容是美国节日风俗和中学生生活。写作时注意以下几点:1、仔细阅读有关提示,弄清试题提供的所有信息,明确三个要点:首先,简单介绍校英文报栏目的情况。2、建议Peter介绍美国节日风俗和中学生生活。3、稿件的要求及时间。写作时根据要表达的内容确定句子的时态、语态;就本文而言应该用一般现在时态。 4.注意使用高级词汇和句式,以增加文章的亮点。
【亮点说明】本文结构紧凑,层次分明,而且使用了多种句式和结构。比如It carries articles written by foreign friends about the cultures of their home countries.运用了过去分词作后置定语, And we would especially welcome articles about how Americans spend their holidays and festivals, and the life of American high school students.运用了宾语从句。此外,文章还使用了大量习语和短语,如be popular among, so long as,look forward to , hear from等。
考点:考查提纲作文。

 



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