（1）如果所给词是动词，空格前是名词或代词，比较复杂的时候是动名词、不定式或者主语从句，那么这个空一定是缺谓语，所以要根据上下文判断句子的时态和语态。如the young man ________(present)the water to the old.根据上下文可以判断是一般过去式presented.
基本知识掌握后，还要关注上下文中提供的关键词来判断是哪种非谓语动词形式，比如watch,see, notice,hear等词，那么有doing 和do 两种情况，诸如此类的加动词不定式和动名词的单词和短语学生都积累了不少，所以只要做题时加以关注，还是没有问题的。现在分词和过去分词的判定比不定式和动名词要难，但是，只要记住固定句式结构之外就是要找准动词和逻辑主语之间的关系，尤其是主句之前或者之后出现了逗号这种情况，尤其要引起注意。如he spit it out, ______(say)it was awful.（saying）
首先，要让学生确切的知道，形容词在句子中充当的句子成分和所处位置。a.形容词可以放在名词前面做定语；b.形容词可以在系动词后面作表语；c.形容词可以放在宾语后做宾语补足语。副词在句子中所充当的句子成分和所处的位置。a.副词放在动词的前后做动词状语；b.副词放在形容词前做形容词的状语；c.副词放在副词前面做状语。这样，学生会比较明确的判断句子所缺的是什么。如，his teacher took a deep drink, smiled______(warm),and thanked his student very much for the sweet water.（warmly)
其次，要明确形容词和副词之间的词性和词形转换。根据前文，学生能够判断句子却的是形容词还是副词之后，根据上下文逻辑结构和句子意思，通过加减前后缀的办法把题目做正确。如2010年广东卷考查了副词warmly： ... His teacher took a deep drink, smiled ________(warm), and thanked his student very much for the sweet water...另外，2007年广东卷考查了副词merrily：...We drank together and talked _______(merry) till far into the night...
如2010年高考英语（广东卷）考查了with表伴随的用法：... The young man went home _______ a happy heart...；2009年广东卷考查了介词on和at: ... Jane stopped where a small crowd of men had gathered. She found some good quality pipes ______ sale... When Jane got home, with her small but well-chosen present in her bag, her parents were already _______table having supper...
并列句是由两个或两个以上的简单句句用并列连词连在一起构成的句子，其基本结构是“简单句+并列连词+简单句”。并列句中的各简单句意义同等重要，相互之间没有从属关系，是平行并列的关系。它们之间用连词连结。包括表转折的连词but，while；表并列的连词and，or；表因果的连词because，so等等。如2008年广东卷考查了连词but： ... He was very tired after doing this for a whole day, ______ he felt very happy since the crop did “grow” higher...
从属复合句由一个主句（Principal Clause)和一个或一个以上的从句(Subordinate Clause)构成。用疑问词作引导词，主句是全句的主体，通常可以独立存在；从句则是一个句子成分，不能独立存在。从句不能单独成句，但它也有主语部分和谓语部分，就像一个句子一样。所不同在于，从句须由一个关联词（connective）引导。主从复合句包括形容词性从句（The Attributive Clause）；副词性从句（The Adverbial Clause）；名词性从句（The Noun Clause）三大类。
3. 冠词 冠词的用法主要和名词连在一起，根据上下文进行判断是用定冠词还是不定冠词，亦或是不用冠词的情况。
Once there lived a rich man 31 wanted to do something for the people of his town. 32 first he wanted to find out whether they deserved his help.
In the centre of the main road into the town, he placed 33 very large stone. Then he 34 (hide ) behind a tree and waited. Soon an old man came along with his cow.
“Who put this stone in the centre of the road?” said the old man, but he did not try to remove the stone. Instead, with some difficulty he passed around the stone and continued on his way. 35 man came along and did the same thing; then another came ,and another. All of them complained about the stone but not tried to remove 36 . Late in the afternoon a young man came along. He saw the stone, 37 (say) to himself: “The night 38 (be) very dark. Some neighbors will come along later in the dark and will fall against the stone.”
Then he began to move the stone. He pushed and pulled with all his 39 (strong) to move it. How great was his surprise at last! 40 the stone, he found a bag of money.
答案：31. who 32. But 33. a 34. hid 35. Another 36. it 37. saying 38. will be 39. strength 40. Under
The Internet is an amazing information resource. Students, teachers, and researchers use it as __31_ investigative tool. Journalists use it to find information for stories. Doctors use it to learn more about unfamiliar diseases and the 32_ (late) medical development. Ordinary people use it for shopping, banking, bill-paying, and communicating with family and friends. People all over the world use it to connect with individuals from _33 countries and cultures. However, __34____there are many positive developments __35__ (associate) with the Internet, there are also certain fears and concerns. __36___ concern relates to a lack of control over__37__ appears on the Internet. With television and radio there are editors to check the accuracy or appropriateness of the content of programs, and with television there are 38 (restrict) on what kinds of programs can __39__ (broadcast) and at what times of the day. With the Internet, parents cannot check a published guide to determine what is suitable __40____ their children to see.
答案：31. an 32. latest 33.other/different 34. while 35.associated 36. One 37. what
38. restrictions 39. be broadcast(ed) 40.for
（ 三 ）
Crying marriage? 31 (surprise), isn’t it? Factually, the custom of crying marriage existed a long time ago in many areas of Southwest China’s Sichuan Province, and 32 (remain) in fashion 33 the end of the Qing Dynasty. Though not so popular as before, the custom is still observed by people in many places, especially Tujia people, who view it as a 34 (necessary) to marriage procedure.
It is very much 35 same in different places of the province. According to elderly people, every bride had to cry at the wedding. 36 , the bride’s neighbors would look down upon 37 as a poorly cultivated girl and she would become the laughingstock of the village. In fact, there were cases 38 which the bride was beaten by her mother for not crying at the wedding ceremony.
In a word, crying at wedding is a 39 by custom to set off the happiness of the wedding through falsely sorrowful words. However, in the 40 (arrange) marriages of the old days of China, there were indeed quite a lot of brides who cried over their unsatisfactory marriage and even their miserable life.
答案：31. Surprising 32.remained 33. until/till 34. necessity 35. the 36. Otherwise 37. her 38. in 39. way/means 40. arranged
In my free time, I really like surfing the Internet. When I get home from work, I turn on my computer, wait __31____it boots up completely, and then I go online. I usually check my email first and then write a few messages __32____ family and friends. I sometimes scan the local news headlines at ___33___ favorite news Website and read up on the latest local and international news. This Website often provides video news clips____34___ you can view online. I sometimes order products or service online to save money and time instead of going to a store and__35____(buy) what I'm looking for. For example, I ___36____ (order)a digital camera online the other day and saved about $50. Whatever I do, I realize that there are problems__37_____ using the Internet including scams, identify theft, and viruses, so I'm very careful not to give out my ____38_____ (person) information. Furthermore, I don't download or open files I don't recognize. Using the Internet can be fun and__39____ convenient way of shopping and finding out new information, _____40___ you just need to be careful
31 until / till 32. to 33. my 34 that / which 35. buying
36. ordered 37. with 38. personal 39. a 40. but
In order to know a foreign language thoroughly, four things are neccessary. Firstly, we must understand the language when we hear ______31________ spoken.. Secondly, we must be able to speak it correctly with confidence and without hesitation. _____32_______ ,we must be able to read the language , and fourthly, we must be able to write it. We must be able to make sentences that are grammatically correct.
There is no easy way to success _____33_______ language learning. _____34________ good memory is of great help, but it is not enough only _____35________(memorize) rules from a grammar book. It is not much use learning by heart long list of words and ______36_________meaning, studying the dictionary and so on. We must learn by using the language. _______37_______we are satisfied with only a few rules we have memorized, we are not really learning the languang. “Learn through use” is a good piece of _____38______(advise) for those ______39______are studying a new language. Practice is important. We must practise speaking and ____40____(write) the language whenever we can.
答案： 31.it 32. Thirdly 33. in 34. A 35. to memorize
36. their 37. If 38. advice 39. who 40. writing
At one point along an open highway, I came to a crossroads with a traffic light. I was alone on the road by now, but 31 I drove up to the light, it turned red, and I braked to a halt. I look left, right, and behind me. Nothing. 32 a car, no suggestion of headlights, but there I sat, 33 (wait) the light to change, the only human being for at least a mile in any direction.
I started wondering 34 I refused to run the light. I was not afraid of 35 (catch) by the police, because there was obviously no cop anywhere around and 36 certainly would have been no danger in going 37 it. Much later that night, the 38 question of why I’d stopped for that light came 39 to me. I think I stopped because it’s part of a contract (合同) we all have with each other. It’s not only the law, but it’s an agreement we have, and we trust each other to honor 40 : we don’t go through red lights. Like most of us, I’m more ready to be stopped from doing something bad by the social agreement that disapproves of it than by any law against it.
31. as / when 32. Not 33.waiting 34. why 35. being caught
36. there 37. through 38.same 39.back 40. it
Nowadays, millions 31 lonely singles are now going online instead. 32 World Wide Web is quickly becoming the world’s most popular matchmaker(媒人).
Singles are flocking(涌向) to the Internet 33 (main) because their busy lifestyles leave them little time to look for a significant other. Using dating sites(约会网址) is quick and convenient. Many singles say the regular dating scene 34 (just lead) them from one bad experience to 35 and are ready to try something else. Dating sites also make 36 easy to avoid someone 37 you are not interested in. In the real world, 38 , ignoring someone you don’t like can be difficult.
Despite all the advantages, online dating also presents its own set of problems. People aren’t always those who they declare to be in their online 39 (describe). Safety is another concern. You are just 40 (like) to find a criminal online as you are Mr. Or Miss Right.
31. of 32. The 33. mainly 34. has just led 35. another 36. it
37. who / whom 38. however 39. description 40. likely
Polar bears are suffering in a 31 (warm) world than ever before.
Polar bears live in environments too cold for most animals. 32 much of the year, they live and hunt on the frozen Arctic sea ice. Nature has prepared 33 for the cold conditions. But nothing has prepared the bears for the danger that 34 (threat) the only home they know.
The polar bears’ world is melting. Studies show that the polar ice has reduced by 9.8% every 10 years 35 1978. Now about 20,000 to 25,000 polar bears live in the Arctic. Polar bears depend on the sea ice for their 36 (survive). “The sea ice is more than just this platform that the bears walk over,” says Andrew Derocher, 37 scientist who studies North American polar bear populations. “ 38 it, they can’t exist.”
Some melting and refreezing of the polar ice is natural. 39 in a warmer world, these cycles speed up, and bears have less time to hunt. Normally, they have three months in the spring when they gain more weight. The extra fat is used later, 40 the bears are not actively hunting.
31 is possible that we simply do not stay in one place for a true friendship to develop. However, there can be no disagreement on the need for each of us 32 (think) carefully about the kind of friendships we want.
To most of us, friendships are considered 33 (importance), but need to have clear in our own minds 34 kinds of friendships we want .Are they to be close or 35 (keep) at arm’s length? Do we want to share ourselves or do we want to walk on the surface? For some people, many friendships on the surface are quite enough—and that’s all right .But at some point we need to make sure that our expectations are the same as our 36 (friend)expectations. If one wants more from the friendship than the other, 37 if this is not talked about, one is likely at last to fell that he’s holding the short end of the stick. The sharing of personal experience 38 (include) our tears as well as our dark dreams 39 (be) the surest way to deepen friendships. But it must be undertaken slowly and carried on only if there signs of interest and action 40 return.
31. It 32. to think 33. important 34.the 35. kept 36.friends’ 37. and 38. including 39.is 40. in
Many teachers believe that the responsibilities for learning lie with the student. 31_____ a long reading assignment is given, instructors expect students to be familiar with 32_____ (inform) in the reading even if they do not discuss it in class or take an examination. The ideal student is considered to be one who is motivated to learn for the sake of learning, not the one interested only in getting high grades. Sometimes homework is returned 33_____ brief written comments but without a grade. Even if a grade is not given, the student is 34_________(responsibility) for learning the material assigned. When research 35______( assign), the professor expects the student to take it actively and to complete it with minimum guidance. It is the student's responsibility to find books, magazines, and articles in the library. Professors do not have the time to explain 36_____ a university library works; they expect students, 37______(special) graduate students, to be able to exhaust the reference origins in the library. Professors will help students who need it, but prefer that their students should not be too dependent on them. In the United States, professors have many other duties 38 ______ teaching, such as administrative or research work. Therefore, the time 39______ a professor can spend with a student outside of class 40______( limit). If a student has problems with classroom work, the student should either approach a professor during office hours or make an appointment.
31. If / When 32. information 33. with 34. responsible 35. is assigned 36. how
37. particularly/especially 38. besides 39. which/ that 40. is limited
This is a true story which happened in the States. A man came out of his home to admire his new truck. To his 31 (puzzle), his three-year-old son was 32 (happy) hammering dents(凹痕) into the shiny paint of the truck. The man ran to his son, knocked him away, hammered the little boy's hands into pulp(果浆汁) as 33 (punish). When the father calmed down, he rushed his son to the hospital.
34 the doctor tried desperately to save the crushed bones, he finally had to cut the fingers from both the boy's hands. When the boy 35 (wake) up from the operation and saw his bandaged stubs, he innocently said, “Daddy, I'm sorry about your truck.” Then he asked, “ 36 when are my fingers going to grow back?”
The father went home and committed suicide.
Think about this story 37 next time someone steps on your feet or you wish to take revenge. Think first 38 you lose your patience with someone you love. Trucks can 39 (repair). Broken bones and hurt feelings often can't. Too often we fail to recognize the difference between the person and the performance. We forget that forgiveness is 40 (great) than revenge.
People make mistakes. We are allowed to make mistakes. But the actions we take while in a rage will impress us forever.
31. puzzlement 32. happily 33. punishment 34. Although / Though
35. woke 36. but 37. the 38. before 39. be repaired 40. greater
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